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No, your car will not be a "covered process" under PSM, but only because it will NOT have 10,000 pounds of this Category 1 Flammable Gas.  But this new refrigerant is coming and it will be in your car’s air conditioning very soon!  A lot of the literature for this new refrigerant uses phrases like “XXXXXX can be described as being “mildly flammable” as measured by standard methodology”, yet the manufacturer’s SDS looks like this:

 

  1. Will our cars soon be miniature PSM/RMP covered processes due to the “mildly flammable” refrigerant they will contain?
  2. EPA Seeks Input on Modernizing the Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule
  3. Making the case my PSM/RMP covered process complies with RAGAGEPs (Vessels)
  4. EPA RMP vs. CalARP (CA Accidental Release Program)
  5. OSHA's presentation on RAGAGEP Enforcement from 2015 ASSE
  6. How OSHA’s move to EPA’s “1% rule” for mixtures change at facilities handling OSHA PSM HHC mixtures
  7. What the heck is "partial pressure" and how do I calculate it for my PSM/RMP mixture?
  8. OSHA memo on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals and Covered Concentrations of Listed Appendix A Chemicals (same as EPA's 1% Rule)
  9. OSHA memo on RAGAGEP in Process Safety Management Enforcement
  10. Another atmospheric tank over-flow incident with a flammable liquid (CSB)
  11. OSHA's presentation on RAGAGEP Enforcement from 2015 ASSE
  12. Example Contractor Work Permit
  13. EO 13650 Actions to Improve Chemical Facility Safety and Security (Working Group Update)
  14. ASSE 2015 Presentation and PSM Inspection Data (2/27/2014 to 3/30/2015)
  15. A Process Hazards Analysis is NOT an “engineering review” - Part II
  16. A Process Hazards Analysis is NOT an “engineering review”
  17. Pipe labeling by way of ASME A13.1  
  18. NH3 Line Break accident  
  19. FATAL failure of an anhydrous ammonia compressor
  20. Ammonia Line Rupture Kills One Worker, Injuring Two
  21. Chemical Security Program Statistics as of May 1, 2015
  22. OSHRC on PSM, Guarding, and HAZCOM from a Refinery NEP
  23. Is a bollard just a post?
  24. Excess Flow Valves... Installation, Testing and PM requirements
  25. DIR Releases Status Report on Process Safety Management Regulatory Oversight of California's Petroleum Refineries
  26. EPA is getting in the game of issuing citations for NOT doing an MOC on "staffing changes"!
  27. Shock to the System (CSB Video on Hydraulic Shock in Refrigeration)
  28. IL Pressure Vessel Inspection Frequency (DRAFT FM Procedure)
  29. Chemical Security Program Statistics as of March 2, 2015
  30. Interesting look at some RMP Data
  31. Cal ARP Regulation Amendments 2015
  32. Line Break Gone BAD due to IMPROPER LOTO and OSHRC vacates all OSHA citations (not a type-o!)
  33. Do you “certify” your 3-year PSM/RMP compliance audits?
  34. Consider the assumptions made during a PHA Facility Siting Assessment (Pipe Bridges)
  35. RMP Facilities in the United States as of December 2014 (Congressional Research Service)
  36. Region 5 RMP Presentation (one of the best)
  37. Anhydrous Ammonia at Refrigeration Facilities Under Scrutiny by U.S. EPA
  38. A look into what EPA expects in our RMP 3-year audits
  39. MOCs are much like WORD or EXCEL… they can do so much more than we use them for
  40. PSM Battery Limit Scenario w/ gas cylinders stored within the same building w/ NO passive fire barrier separation (OSHA LOI)
  41.         RMP Program Level Flowchart (LA-DEQ)
  42.         FM Global Data Sheet beat CSB to punch on Hydraulic Fracturing in NH3 Refrigeration Systems
  43.         Chemical Security Program Statistics as of January 5, 2015
  44.         CFATS Corporate Approach (DHS 1/20/15)
  45.         Boiler Operator Attendance EXCEPTION Requirements now mirror a PSM/RMP style management system
  46.         Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Bulletin - Five Key Lessons to Prevent Hydraulic Shock (CSB)
  47.         Does a facility have an obligation to notify DHS if the facility is closing?
  48.         Dual Stamped pressure vessels
  49.         Safety systems and their functions in our SOPs
  50.         PSM/RMP Refresher Training Frequency is not a 1,094 day vacation from training!
  51.         Another MI Lesson to be learned - Tank Integrity
  52.         UK’s HSE issues guidance on RBI Maintenance Programs
  53.         HHC/EHS UNLOADING reliance on Excess Flow Valves and another lesson on pipe erosion-corrosion
  54.         Congress Passes Legislation to Reinforce Protection and Security of Chemical Facilities
  55.         ANSI Z49.1:2012 Available for FREE Download (pdf)
  56.         Marsh 1974-2013, Large property damage losses in the Hydrocarbon Industry - 23rd Edition
  57.         Another MI learning opportunity with regard to corrosion in piping
  58.         Interesting PSM/RMP nuggets from the 12/11/14 Senate hearing on EO - IMPROVING CHEMICAL FACILITY SAFETY AND SECURITY
  59.         The fundamentals behind “line breaking”
  60.         Christmas eve refinery explosion caused by frozen pipe (Technical Safety Authority of Saskatchewan Executive Report)
  61.         Joint Full Committee Hearing - Oversight of the Implications of the President’s Executive Order on Improving Chemical Facility and Security Committee
  62.         Chemical Security Program Statistics as of November 1, 2014
  63.         UK's HSE Human Factors Briefing Notes
  64.         Testing for water in your Ammonia Refrigeration Process
  65.         Relief Devices and Condensers in NJ
  66.         Interesting RV replacement schedule for PV’s holding NH3 in WI
  67.         Bench Testing your Relief Valves and IIAR  Edit     CAL OSHA's PROPOSED PSM Standard for Refineries
  68.         OSHA’s revised Injury and Illness Reporting may call for an MOC at PSM/RMP facilities
  69.         Hazardous Locations (HAZLOCs) and Medical Devices
  70.         Catastrophic failure of Ammonia Cryogenic Storage Tank w/ Ammonia Fire (7 deaths and 57 injured)
  71.         How far would you go with the “co-Location” coverage to determine PSM/RMP coverage?
  72.         If this looks familiar... well, you may need some help (Cartoon)
  73.         Some interesting changes coming to CalARP
  74.         What to Expect from a CFATS Authorization Inspection (DHS)
  75.         DHS issues ANPRM for CFATS
  76.         Process Safety and calibrated direct-reading instrument
  77.         10 years of NH3 and CL2 release data (2004-2014)
  78.         OSHRC decision on PSM Contractor Training and Work Permits
  79.         Purposely Setting a Valve Higher than Nameplate Stamping: Acceptable or Not? (NBBI)
  80.         08/08/14 UPDATE - Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Fatality at a NE Co-Op was an UNLOADING ACCIDENT
  81.         CA Ice Rink forced to shutdown by local FD because of failure to comply with CalARP
  82.         EPA's Risk Management Program (RMP) Request for Information (RFI)
  83.         UPDATE on NH3 Fatality... Coroner's Jury Rules on Anhydrous Ammonia Incident
  84.         Flammable Liquids process, PSM, MOC and simultaneous flows
  85.         API Releases three (3) New Standards
  86.         Your RMP "Emergency Contact"
  87.         U.S. EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) Webinars and Training - RMP*eSubmit Webinars
  88.         Boiler and Pressure Vessel Report of Violation Findings for First Quarter 2014
  89.         Hazards of Hot Work on Vessels/Containers
  90.         Just some random thoughts about "Detectors in my header"
  91.         Catastrophic Failure of a Liquid N2 Storage Tank - BLOCKED IN scenario (Japan, 8/28/1992)
  92.         UK's HSE guidance on failure modes in Refrigeration Processes
  93.         SOP annual certifications and 40 CFR Part 68.200 Recordkeeping (RMP)
  94.         TX Fertilizer Plant Explosion analysis (videos/photos)
  95.         Is your Engine Room capable of withstanding your WCS?
  96.         FREE EPA RMP Training for Ammonia in Ag
  97.         Does changing a Relief Valve on a “Header/Manifold” require a line break permit at your facility?
  98.         RMP*eSUBMIT Users’ Manual 2014 Update
  99.         High Pressure Shutdown Switch Fails - Catastrophic Equipment Failure
  100.         Using MARPLOT to obtain your 2010 Census data for your 2014 RMP UPDATE
  101.         PRESSURE VESSEL GUIDELINES (OSHA 2014)
  102.         Flame Resistance Clothing (FRC) program needs
  103.         Another "Unload to Wrong Tank" Incident (Nitric Acid into Caustic)
  104.         CCPS Interview with OSHA’s Jordan Barab (Video)
  105.         PSM versus TCPA (New Jersey Work Environment Council)
  106.         What is your EPA Risk Management Plan “Hazard Index”?
  107.         Yep, its JUST Anhydrous Ammonia "in Refrigeration" (Part II)
  108.         Excellent Advice from a Relief Valve Manufacturer regarding how to go about establishing Safe Upper Limits
  109.         OSHA’s Request for Information (RFI) regarding their PSM Standard has CLOSED, but here are the comments
  110.         Its all in how you say it... AND its all in how you're heard! How my 12 year old daughter taught me Human Factors
  111.         Plant oil filter failure on compressor causes ammonia leak
  112.         Impact of oxygen-enriched atmospheres on fire behavior (USFA)
  113.         “Our Initial Start-Up Procedure(s) are the same as our Normal Start-up Procedures”... Guess again!
  114.         CFATs newest FAQ Questions (Ammonium Nitrate)
  115.         OSHA asking for permission to inspect PSM facilities with fewer than 10 employees
  116.         Are my Railcars on site covered under RMP? (Sulphur Trioxide and Flammables/ $21,788 w/ $200,000 SEP)
  117.         “Have PPE/Respirator Available”…
  118.         A look at what RMP Facilities can expect from EPA in 2014
  119.         OSWER Risk Management Program Evaluation Scoping Project (EPA’s path forward in determining who should get an RMP inspection)
  120.         CAA 112(r) Inspections - What to expect & suggestions from the inspectors
  121.         EPA’s Office of Inspector General says Improvements Needed in EPA Training and Oversight for RMP Inspections
  122.         Pipeline fails because deteriorated coating, ineffective cathodic protection, and the failure to detect the corrosion because the pipeline was not inspected or tested after 1988
  123.         PSM Inspection Data UPDATE
  124.         Massachusetts 527 CMR 33.00: Hazardous Materials Process or Processing (UPDATED)
  125.         The 2013 National Board Incident Report (Based on 2002-2008 OSHA Data)
  126.         Relief Valve (RV) Header vs. Directly to Atmosphere  Edit     Another example of "Temporary Operations" in Process Safety  Edit
  127.         Final Refinery Safety Report Calls for Greater Collaboration and Oversight to Protect the Public and Employees (CAL-OSHA)  
  128.         Another PSM Learning opportunity (Line Break, Safe Work Permit, LOTO, PPE, Pipe Labeling)
  129.         Updating your RMP OCA Populations
  130.         RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN CO-LOCATION GUIDANCE OF NON-INTERCONNECTED REGULATED SUBSTANCE VESSELS (OH EPA)
  131.         Food Processing Company Settles Violations of Chemical Release Reporting Requirements (NH3 Refrigeration)
  132.         Process Safety Operating Procedures and a Certified PPE Hazard Assessment
  133.         Is your facility REALLY prepared for an emergency? (ERT and PSM SOPs)
  134.         Vibration-induced fatigue on process pipework
  135.         Are we "dumbing" down RAGAGEPs to make OSHA's job harder?
  136.         API provides OPEN/FREE access to many of their codes/practices
  137.         How rigorous is your contractor safety evaluation(s)?
  138.         Discharging Pressure Vessel RVs back into process
  139.         INTERIM CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION ADVISORY - Design of LPG Installations at Natural Gas Processing Plants
  140.         2014 Public Listening Session Schedule and Registration Information EO 13650 Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security
  141.         EPA Region X RMP Training
  142.         Does PSM/RMP standards need a Ultimate Work Authority and Stop Work Authority concepts?
  143.         UPDATE - State of MA Hazardous Material Process or Processing: 527 CMR 33
  144.         HAZCOM labeling changes and your PSM/RMP programs
  145.         De-Rating or Re-Rating a Pressure Vessel
  146.         CSB Draft Report Proposes Overhaul of Refinery Industry Regulatory System in CA and Urges Adoption of the "Safety Case Regime" to Prevent Major Chemical Accidents
  147.         Acting Responsibly? Federal Contractors Frequently Put Workers’ Lives and Livelihoods at Risk
  148.         ASME's Single Certification Mark (new nameplate)
  149.         Training requirements for mechanics repairing and/or testing pressure relief devices
  150.         The 12 things OSHA wants to change about it PSM Standard and its enforcement
  151.         Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) Fatality (TNOSHA)
  152.         CSB follow-up letter to DOT regarding emergency shutdown systems for chlorine railcars
  153.         EPA explains the difference between a PHA and a "Hazard Review"
  154.         PHMSA answers the question... Who regulates the unloading of ammonia to a process
  155.         First (1st) Public Review of Standard BSR/IIAR 2-201x, Safety Standard for Equipment, Design, and Installation of Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigeration Systems (11/22/13 - 1/6/14)
  156.         National Board Report of Violation Findings for Second Quarter 2013
  157.         Another example of Catastrophic Pressure Vessel failure
  158.         Key Process Safety Performance Indicators (UK's HSE)
  159.         New Edition of Pamphlet 6, Piping Systems for Dry Chlorine, now AVAILABLE
  160.         What could your NH3 38,000 pound WCS look like?
  161.         PHA's and "previous incidents"
  162.         Pressure Vessel Accident Rates
  163.         CATASTROPHIC FAILURE of ASME Pressure Vessel (Video and CSB Investigation)
  164.         OSHA is considering revising its Process Safety Management (PSM) standard
  165.         First (1st) Public Review of Standard BSR/IIAR 4-201x, Installation of Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigeration Systems  Edit     "Temporary Operations" in Ammonia Refrigeration
  166.         RMP WCS and "An enclosed space in direct contact with outside air" (UPDATED 11/7/13 w/ EPA Response)
  167.         Inside an EPA RMP Inspection at a Refinery
  168.         BSEE Releases Panel Investigation Report into Fire and Explosion on Gulf of Mexico Platform (FATAL HOTWORK ACCIDENT)     
  169.         What is it? Hint: Think piping RAGAGEP
  170.         Comparison of Tier II, TRI, and 112(r) Requirements
  171.         Which agency (feds, state, county) enforces RMP at your facility?
  172.         NBIC Pressure Relief Device (PRD) Inspection Guide
  173.         Principles for proof testing of safety instrumented systems in the chemical industry (UK's HSE)
  174.         RMP and Population Estimates from 2010 Census Data
  175.         Challenging PHA assumptions during revalidation
  176.         NH3 Refrigeration Auto Purger Design Change
  177.         3" NH3 Line Failure (video)
  178.         Control Room Management and Human Factors
  179.         PHAs and the consequences of engineering and administrative controls failing
  180.         Chemical Advisory: Safe Storage, Handling, and Management of Ammonium Nitrate
  181.         What is a "Tell-Tale" gauge and why is it significant in process safety
  182.         Pipe RAGAGEPs and Hydrostatic relief
  183.         Is the 1-U form for my pressure vessel really not a PSM requirement?
  184.         OSHRC frowns on OSHA's use of "Internal Reports/Documents" to issue PSM citations
  185.         What do I have to do for material and energy balances?
  186.         Run to failure... Can it be done while achieving process safety?
  187.         The National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Report of Violation Findings for First Quarter 2013
  188.         Looking for some technical data for one of your pressure vessels?
  189.         CFATs Program Statistics as of August 1, 2013
  190.         How can I determine if my facility’s wastewater treatment operation meets the Chemical Facility Anti- Terrorism Standards (CFATS) exemption under 6 CFR 27.110(b) for the Federal Water Pollution Control Act?
  191.         "It's just Ammonia" - yep it sure is!
  192.         Executive Order - Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security
  193.         Passivation... PSM/RMP activity that belongs in the "initial start-up" SOP?
  194.         Making the case my PSM/RMP covered process complies with RAGAGEPs (Piping)
  195.         Emergency Response Program (ERP) requirements differ for PSM and RMP
  196.         Control the amount of scaffolding permitted in a process area?
  197.         The RAND Corporation memo for the CA-OSHA Process Safety Review
  198.         Draft Report of the Interagency Working Group on Refinery Safety - Improving Public and Worker Safety at Oil Refineries  
  199.         PHMSA Safety Advisory - Heating Railcars
  200.         EPA Region 10 Top 5 RMP violations
  201.         Seven Keys to Surviving a Chem NEP Audit (John Newquist)
  202.         Hansen RV's - URGENT PRODUCT SAFETY NOTICE IMMEDIATE ACTION REQUIRED
  203.         OSHA reaches settlement agreement with Food Company to protect workers from NH3
  204.         Answering the question... Can a Relief Valve be installed horizontally?
  205.         RAGAGEPs and "the numbers"
  206.         DHS CFATS Update as of June 6, 2013
  207.         Human and organizational errors are the major cause of equipment failures in in the process industries
  208.         Ammonia Incidents in NY State
  209.         Ammonia Refrigeration FATALITY - Compressor Pump Out Valve
  210.         Runaway reaction fatality explosion (TNOSHA)
  211.         Line Break Fatality @ Refinery (TNOSHA)
  212.         Ammonia Refrigeration FATALITY - Chiller Valve
  213.         Boiler & Pressure Vessel accidents by year (from NBIC)
  214.         What ISA-84 can do for process safety
  215.         Considering failure of engineering controls in a PHA
  216.         National Board Inspection Code vs. API 510
  217.         Process Safety and Hotwork requirements
  218.         Techniques for assigning a Target Safety Integrity Level (SIL)
  219.         Understanding ISA-84
  220.         EPA RMP Q&A on latitude and longitude coordinates (April 2011)
  221.         FREE CCPS Reactivity Management Tool (RMT)
  222.         June 2012 CCPS Process Beacon - Nitrogen – Hazard and Safeguard!
  223.         Ammonia Explosion News Accounts
  224.         EPA announces summary of enforcement actions for Winter 2012
  225.         Does your PSM/RMP included power systems?
  226.         DHS completes the 1000th Compliance Assistance Visit (CAV)
  227.         FREE COPY of Z49.1:2012 Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes
  228.         Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Catastrophic Failure
  229.         Relief Valve Maintenance & Testing
  230.         Relief Valve sizing and combustible/flammable storage
  231.         Has PSM driven us to dilute some “engineering standards”?
  232.         Pressure Vessels, MDMT, and Auto-Refrigeration (NBBI)
  233.         Implementation of New ASME Stamp for Pressure Relief Devices
  234.         Bypassing of storage tank safety features
  235.         Compliant with RAGAGEP?
  236.         May 2012 CCPS Process Beacon - Mechanical Integrity of Tubing
  237.         Are we overdoing procedures?
  238.         UK's HSE REVIEW OF CHLORINE INCIDENTS 1992 - 1998
  239.         MAJOR CHEMICAL DISASTERS IN INDIA
  240.         Ammonia Incidents in Oregon from 1993-2007
  241.         Workplace Health and Safety Queensland - Ammonia National Audit Program results
  242.         UK's HSE REVIEW OF AMMONIA INCIDENTS 1992 - 1998
  243.         2012 April CCPS Process Beacon - Unloading to the wrong tank
  244.         Using the common practice of “Draining Oil Pots” on refrigeration systems to examine the differences between “controlled” and “uncontrolled” releases of ammonia
  245.         An interesting "Facility Change" that fell through the cracks
  246.         The finer points of OSHA’s and EPA’s Management of Change requirements
  247.         EPA cancels their July 2012 Public Access to RMPs
  248.         Taking credit for a building in a WCS under RMP
  249.         Stairs vs. Ladders and Emergency Egress
  250.         March 2012 Update on OSHA’s Refinery & Chemical National Emphasis Programs
  251.         Does your facility “Car Seal” or “Lock Open” Valves? Do NOT use your LOTO Locks!
  252.         A close look at Incident Investigation techniques A MUST READ for ALL Safety Pro's
  253.         Ammonia HAZARD ALERT issued by NC-OSHA in response to a fatal accident involving NH3
  254.         Annual SOP Certifications for PSM/RMP
  255.         VPP Application Supplement for the Sites Subject to the Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard
  256.         Temporary MOC’s and Temporary Electrical Power
  257.         Ammonia and HAZLOC's (join the debate)
  258.         DHS Jack Rabbit CL2 and NH3 Release Testing presentation video (NO video of releases)
  259.         Why would my NH3 ventilation discharge need to be a Hazardous Location? Unpublished
  260.         Mechanical Ventilation - General Rules to live by
  261.         The IMPORTANCE of Hydrostatic relief valves in Ammonia Systems
  262.         RMP and Transportation Containers
  263.         RMP Program Level Determination Flowchart
  264.         Summary of the RMP Chemical Exemptions
  265.         2012 March CCPS Process Beacon - Double Block & Bleed Explanation
  266.         Difference between OSHA’s PSM and EPA’s RMP requirements
  267.         Comparison of RMP and PSM Chemicals and Thresholds
  268.         State of Massachusetts Hazardous Materials Processing regulation (527 CMR 33)
  269.         Challenging the NH3 Refrigeration & Electrical Classification (UPDATED 3/3/12)
  270.         Is the act of loading/unloading a PSM/RMP chemical exempt from OSHA/EPA enforcement?
  271.         Changing your RMP Emergency Contact
  272.         Can a PHA done for OSHA's PSM be used for EPA's RMP Compliance?
  273.         A reverse look at Facility Siting and Change Management
  274.         How many threads of a bolt must be showing outside a nut to meet RAGAGEP?
  275.         Hotwork - Learning from Losses
  276.         Change(s) that REQUIRE a PHA revalidation AND RMP Update
  277.         Interesting RMP Statistics - Where does your process rank?
  278.         PSM Scenario Challenge - Response
  279.         Hotwork Safety
  280.         The advantage of utilizing a Contractor Work Permit
  281.         Ammonia Gas Explosion
  282.         Use of High Visibility Vest in Safety Programs
  283.         Refinery NEP UPDATE (12/5/07)
  284.         NFPA 30 offers some GREAT facility siting for NEW process vessels
  285.         Process Hazards Analysis and “Safeguards”
  286.         “Operator Rounds” in a PSM/RMP Covered Process
  287.         NH3 Unloading Incident (30 Tons Release)
  288.         AMMONIA SPILLS IN WISCONSIN 1993-2009
  289.         The power of a vacuum (photo)
  290.         Establishing your safe upper and lower limits for FLOWS
  291.         Establishing Safe Upper and Lower Limits
  292.         Key provisions of the PSM Preamble
  293.         Tracking Corrective Actions to closure
  294.         PSM, Flammable Liquids, & Secondary Containment
  295.         Current EPA plans call for the re-establishment of internet access to the non Off-site Consequence Analysis (OCA) sections of the RMP database beginning in July of 2012
  296.         OSHA Launches their PSM Covered Chemical Facilities NEP
  297.         The Borden's Ammonia Explosion December 11, 1983
  298.         Flammable Liquids Tank Integrity Learnings
  299.         Features of successful Safety Management System (SMS)
  300.         Importance of MAINTAINING your Explosion Proof Equipment (Video)
  301.         PHA and Loss of Power
  302.         OSHA's Pressure Vessel "Cheat Sheet"
  303.         The Jack Rabbit Test Program Trial Summary - NH3 and CL2 Release Studies
  304.         PSM Battery Limits - it may not be as simple as "Interconnected"
  305.         More OSHA PSM Citations on a NH3 Refrigeration Process (includes NO MOC on personnel changes!)
  306.         Explosion of MDEA Storage Tank
  307.         How strong does my explosion have to be to do damage?
  308.         Another valve that needs to be Car-Sealed OPEN
  309.         Vulnerability of oil contaminated fire retardant coveralls
  310.         Contractors and chemical process safety?
  311.         Electrical Classification for Hazardous Locations
  312.         How secure are your safety systems?
  313.         PSM Coverage and the Meer decision Unpublished
  314.         Management of Change (MOC) and Procedures
  315.         Is EPA setting a standard for PSM/RMP Staffing Levels?
  316.         Anhydrous Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Incident sends 5 to hospital
  317.         Animation of January 23, 2010 Phosgene Accident
  318.         CFATS Personnel Surety Privacy Impact Assessment is now available
  319.         Truck Drivers being your DOT HAZMAT Attendant and potential safety and health concerns
  320.         What does EPA's RMP "General Duty Clause" actually require?
  321.         Buyer BEWARE regarding offsite Operator and Maintenance training courses
  322.         Process Safety and Security Guards
  323.         HOTWORK Tank Explosion (Video)
  324.         PSM Chemical Plant NEP UPDATE March 2011
  325.         Replacement in Kind... is it really?
  326.         PSM/RMP "co-location" or "proximity" when determining PSM/RMP Applicability
  327.         Worst Case Release Scenario and Severe Weather
  328.         RMP*eSubmit Webinar Presentation
  329.         THE REAL COST of an accident!
  330.         A perfect storm in the making...have we learned our lesson?
  331.         RMP eSubmit Webinar Questions and Answers
  332.         RMP Worst Case Scenario considerations
  333.         Another Example of Torque Requirements - GASKETS
  334.         Torque Examples - Mechanical-Joint Assembly
  335.         Torque Requirements and Process Safety Management
  336.         Fire Watches and their Fire Extinguishers
  337.         PSM and Electronic Management Systems and Emergency Power Systems
  338.         Is Your Welding Hot Work Policy in Compliance (VIDEO - 5 minutes)
  339.         Dangers of Hot Work - VIDEO (14 Min)
  340.         Maintain Process Safety During the Recession (Video)
  341.         Is your Fire Extinguisher Contractor covered under PSM?
  342.         Ammonia HAZARD ALERT issued by NC-OSHA in response to a fatal accident involving NH3
  343.         New Leading and Lagging Indicators of Process Safety Performance
  344.         When is Flame Retardant Clothing (FRC) Really required?
  345.         PSM Operating Procedures Survey Conducted
  346.         Is OSHA Targeting Ammonia Refrigeration & Chlorine water treatment processes in their new PSM NEP?
  347.         States with RMP accidents causing at least one off-site Death
  348.         EPA's General Duty Clause for RMP
  349.         More on EPA's General Duty Clause
  350.         Top 10 RMP Chemicals by On-Site Quantities
  351.         Refinery Heat Exchanger Failure Fatality
  352.         Concurrent Operating Procedures…Emergency Shutdown and Start-Up after ESD
  353.         Some GREAT PHA Observations from one of the best in the business
  354.         Some GREAT Process Safety Observations from one of the best in the business
  355.         How do you define a PSM/RMP contractor and what does your evaluation process look like?
  356.         NH3 Releases occurring in NY state from 1993-98
  357.         Difference in Emergency SOPs and Emergency Response Plan
  358.         Unloading Hoses and PSM/RMP
  359.         IMPORTANT NOTICE regarding NH3 and LPG hoses
  360.         Hot Work Requirements and Combustible Dusts
  361.         Hot Work Preparation and OSHA Requirements
  362.         Hot Work Safety and learning from others costly errors
  363.         Better be thinking MOC before you do RBI
  364.         Mechanical integrity management of bulk storage tanks
  365.         Trick Question or legit question for PSM Compliance? Contractor Evaluations and PRCS Rescue Evaluations
  366.         What are "Temporary Operations" in regards to PSM Operating Procedures 1910.119(f)(1)(i)(C)
  367.         The difference between a MOC and PSSR
  368.         Staffing and Management of Change
  369.         What is a RAGAGEP?...and what it is NOT
  370.         Ventilation...Can I use it to declassify a HAZLOC?
  371.         Missed Preventive Maintenance Inspections/Tests
  372.         Emergency Shutdown (when does it get activated)
  373.         Car Seal Program and Relief Valves
  374.         How to use your PHA to write your SOPs
  375.         Starting point for PSM Facility Siting when dealing with Flammables (updated with LPG on 8/12/12)
  376.         Is your Diking in your PSI and MI
  377.         Tips when performing PHA's and how Chemical Process Safety should be viewed
  378.         Buying a used PSM/RMP facility or used equipment for PSM/RMP
  379.         Report reveals fundamental management flaws lay behind Buncefield disaster
  380.         UPDATE on Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
  381.         CSB Releases Case Study on Fatal 2008 Accident at a Tire and Rubber Plant
  382.         Car-Seal Programs and how they operate
  383.         Flaw in NH3 Emergency Ventilation Design?
  384.         Managing your Relief Valves
  385.         "Lessons Learned" potentials from Japan's Nuclear Problems
  386.         Liquid Penetrant Examination (NBBI)
  387.         Guidance for Conducting Risk Management Program Inspections under Clean Air Act Section 112(r)
  388.         LOPA and SIS/SIL
  389.         Valves installed backwards?
  390.         2010 SECTION VIII — DIVISION 1 NON-MANDATORY APPENDIX M - INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
  391.         Post Weld Heat Treating (PWHT) failure
  392.         Management of Organizational Change (OSHA Letter to RAs)
  393.         EPA Can Improve Implementation of the Risk Management Program for Airborne Chemical Releases (EPA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL)
  394.         Process Hazards Analysis Techniques (Methodologies, Resources, and Time)
  395.         Rupture Disc between Pressure Vessel and Relief Valve (and after the RV)
  396.         Catastrophic Failure during pneumatic pressure test
  397.         Brittle Fracture (Catastrophic) Failure during HYDROTEST of Propane Bullet
  398.         What does "relief system design basis" mean?
  399.         Cellular Phones and Other Risks in Classified Areas
  400.         The BASICS on PRESSURE VESSEL SAFETY (OSHA)
  401.         5,700-gallon hydrochloric acid (HCl) storage tank ruptured during filling
  402.         What differentiates a GREAT PSM/RMP audit from a "so-so" audit?
  403.         What is LUP & PADHI and what does it have to do with West Fertilizer?
  404.         How many Program 2 RMPs like West Fertilizer are out here?
  405.         West, TX Fertilizer... a lesson in "process safety" and the "retail facility" exemption?
  406.         Animation of Fire at Chevron's Richmond Refinery, August 6, 2012
  407.         How could the TX fertilizer plant be a Program 2 RMP?
  408.         Hydrogen Fluoride Study, Report to Congress Section 112(n)(6) Clean Air Act As Amended
  409.         Nonsparking Tools (USFA)
  410.         Emergency Shutdown Systems and Hydrostatic Relief Valves
  411.         OSHA's "hydrocarbon fuel exemption” in PSM
  412.         Facility Siting 101 - Vehicle Barriers around critical equipment (NH3 Tank Damage from Semi - Photos/Layout/RMP)
  413.         What are the requirements when a component in my covered process was built to an OLD "out of circulation" RAGAGEP?
  414.         The CSB and API appear to be at odds on Recommended Practice ANSI/RPI 755, Fatigue Risk Management Systems for Personnel in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, First Edition, April 2010
  415.         Splitting the hairs of Process Safety (Battery Limits and Changes)
  416.         Potential Issues When Wearing Non-Fire Resistant Base Layers with Outerwear Fire-Resistant Garments
  417.         Guidance on Handling Cases Developed Pursuant to the FRC Enforcement Policy Memorandum
  418.         Transport Company indicted in SC woman's ammonia death (Unloading NH3)
  419.         PSM/RMP Trick Question (Poll)
  420.         A "Manufacturer's Recommended Practice" is a RAGAGEP
  421.         HAZLOCs and Ventilation and Classification
  422.         A flaw with referencing info in PSM/RMP Operating Procedures
  423.         Understanding the requirements of Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)
  424.         OUTSTANDING Process Safety Information Worksheet
  425.         Evaluating your Mechanical Integrity Program effectiveness  Edit     Inside look at EPA's Ammonia Alarm Expectations  Edit Pressure Vessel Update (NB-132, Revision 8)
  426.         OSHA's "Process Opening" Hazard Information Bulletin
  427.         Unloading HAZMATs and PSM/RMP
  428.         Catastrophic failure of RRCar while being steamed (Excess temp leads to exotherm runaway)
  429.         Cargo Hose Rupture and Release of Anhydrous Ammonia During Offloading of a Cargo Tank Motor Vehicle at a Plant (7/15/09)  
  430.         Do NOT rely on Excess Flow Valves (EFV)
  431.         Can I count the activation of my safety system as an actual test of the system?
  432.         UPDATE: CCTV video of the Mexico Refinery Explosion on 9/19/12
  433.         Sulphur sticks and ammonia leaks... are you in compliance when using these leak detection devices?
  434.         Hotwork Safety (UPDATED w/ NEW Hotwork data 12/04/12)
  435.         ASME UG-140... Overpressure protection by System Design
  436.         What does ASME Section VIII say about "torquing values"?
  437.         Can a spring-loaded Pressure Safety Valve be installed horizontially?
  438.         OSHA issues PSM citations after run-away reaction results in the hospitalization of 40 workers
  439.         OSHA issues PSM, HAZCOM, Asbestos, BBP, Fire Extinguishers, Walking/Working, Ladders, Guarding, Electrical, GDC, Hotwork,  
  440.         Hydrostatic Relief Valves and Propane Systems
  441.         ASME "Lethal Service"
  442.         Third Public Review of Standard BSR/IIAR 7-201x, Developing Operating Procedures for Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems
  443.         Sixth Public Review of Standard BSR/IIAR 5-201x, Start-up and Commissioning of Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems
  444.         Internal Combustion Engines as Ignition Sources
  445.         Evaluation of Health Effects of a Chlorine Gas Release in a Poultry Processing Plant - Arkansas
  446.         RMP reporting requirements, when to update, and how to submit using the new web-based system
  447.         RMP's “Stationary Source” and "Incident to Transportation" exemption challenged
  448.         EPA to audit the CSB????
  449.         PSM Information Collection Requirements
  450.         The infamous "Process Safety Contractor Safety Study" by the John Gray Institute
  451.         Phillips 66 Explosion & Fire - Pasadena, TX 1989
  452.         Non-Routine process opening (e.g. "Line Break")
  453.         EPA Region X's RMP "Management Plan" Example
  454.         A OSHRC review of PSM Citations following a 32,000 pound release (NH3 Refrigeration)
  455.         Preliminary fire testing of composite offshore pedestrian gratings
  456.         Perfect example of using the "Elimination/Substitution" in the hierarchy of controls as well as IST
  457.         Keep'n it real during the Process Hazards Analysis Unpublished
  458.         Some hazards deserve all four levels of controls! Unpublished
  459.         One of the worst refrigeration accidents rarely mentioned! (2007)
  460.         What is it? (Hint: Common PSM Safe Guard)
  461.         National Board RV Testing Data
  462.         RMP Facilities in the United States as of December 2009
  463.         Re-Submitting your RMP
  464.         Putting Seward, IL 38,000 NH3 release into some perspective
  465.         Can Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) occur in Ammonia Piping?
  466.         Flixborough... the beginning of the PSM movement
  467.         VIDEO UPDATE on Fatal HF Release - 5 Dead 18 Injured
  468.         Ohio Fire Code Requirements for Mechanical Refrigeration facilities using Ammonia
  469.         OSHA Enforcement Memo - Use of Flexible Hoses in Toxic Gas Service (10/2/2012)
  470.         Ohio's PSM/RMP General Duty Clause
  471.         Process Safety and Ohio State Fire & HAZMAT Codes
  472.         Applications and Limitations of Excess Flow Valves
  473.         Ammonia Releases in North Carolina (1993-1997 Data)
  474.         Loss of Containment (LOC) Data
  475.         Liquefied Gas Conversion Chart
  476.         When we claim alarms as "safe guards" in our PHA
  477.         TOSHA cites Refinery $63,000 for Fatal Flash Fire (PSM, LOTO, PPE)
  478.         EPA Region 10 RMP Newsletter- great resource!
  479.         Ammonia Fatality @ Winery
  480.         Amuay UCVE Event Aug 25, 2012
  481.         Process Safety and "Human Factors" (w/ video)
  482.         CCTV Video & photos from Chevron's Richmond, CA refinery fire
  483.         OSHA issues PSM citations to a TX Refinery
  484.         How does OSHA and EPA define "retail establishment" in regards to their "exemptions" from PSM/RMP
  485.         OSHA issues PSM, Explosives, PPE, Machine Guarding, LOTO, Electrical, and Flammable Liquid citations after explosion at a fireworks plant
  486.         Stress Corrosion Cracking of Steel in Liquefied Ammonia Service - A Recapitulation
  487.         Corrosion Rates and Remaining Life/Fitness for Service
  488.         Comparison of Piping Inspection Requirements in Refrigeration Industry
  489.         Comparison of Pressure Vessel Inspection Requirements in Refrigeration Industry
  490.         Hydrostatic Relief Devices vs. Qualified Operator, which is required?
  491.         Auditing Process Safety Management Systems
  492.         OSHA issues $111K in PSM Citations following explosion that severely injured worker (PSM)
  493.         Flixborough Explosion (1974)
  494.         (8/25/12 UPDATE from DOT) IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING (NH3) AND (LPG) HOSES
  495.         Risks associated with Loading and Unloading HAZMAT
  496.         ANSI/ASME B31 - Standards of Pressure Piping
  497.         The 12 sections of the Boiler Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
  498.         EPA fines the US Olympic Park for RMP violations related to their Anhydrous Ammonia refrigeration process
  499.         OR-OSHA changes their PSM applicability to NH3 Fertilizer and the impact it will have on RMP
  500.         EPA Region X RMP/EPCRA Actions April 1-June 30, 2012
  501.         Process Safety and “Critical Utilities”
  502.         Has EPA established a new selection criteria for RMP inspections?
  503.         MI Inspection of Anhydrous Ammonia Vessel (No PWHT)
  504.         Now this is Process Safety Information!!
  505.         August 2012 CCPS Process Beacon - HOTWORK HAZARDS
  506.         Flammable vapour cloud risks from tank overfilling incidents
  507.         Excellent depiction of PSM/RMP Process Arrangements
  508.         Another "Culture" Failure leads to major pipeline incident
  509.         Inherently Safer Design (CSB Video)
  510.         Process Safety, Staffing, and responding to alarms
  511.         PSM Enforcement UPDATE from Region V
  512.         A NON-PSM chemical impacting a PSM covered process
  513.         WA-OSHA latest State Plan to implement PSM CHEM NEP
  514.         “LOPC” of an ammonia pipe in unoccupied refrigerated spaces
  515.         Culpeper, Va. settles alleged environmental violations at water treatment facility (RMP-Chlorine)
  516.         Flammable Liquid and Gas PSM Citations
  517.         What ISA-84 can do for process safety
  518.         Considering failure of engineering controls in a PHA
  519.         National Board Inspection Code vs. API 510
  520.         Process Safety and Hotwork requirements
  521.         Techniques for assigning a Target Safety Integrity Level (SIL)
  522.         Understanding ISA-84
  523.         EPA RMP Q&A on latitude and longitude coordinates (April 2011)
  524.         FREE CCPS Reactivity Management Tool (RMT)
  525.         June 2012 CCPS Process Beacon - Nitrogen – Hazard and Safeguard!
  526.         Ammonia Explosion News Accounts
  527.         EPA announces summary of enforcement actions for Winter 2012
  528.         Does your PSM/RMP included power systems?
  529.         DHS completes the 1000th Compliance Assistance Visit (CAV)
  530.         FREE COPY of Z49.1:2012 Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes
  531.         Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Catastrophic Failure
  532.         Relief Valve Maintenance & Testing
  533.         Relief Valve sizing and combustible/flammable storage
  534.         Has PSM driven us to dilute some “engineering standards”?
  535.         Pressure Vessels, MDMT, and Auto-Refrigeration (NBBI)
  536.         Implementation of New ASME Stamp for Pressure Relief Devices
  537.         Bypassing of storage tank safety features
  538.         Compliant with RAGAGEP?
  539.         May 2012 CCPS Process Beacon - Mechanical Integrity of Tubing
  540.         Are we overdoing procedures?
  541.         UK's HSE REVIEW OF CHLORINE INCIDENTS 1992 - 1998
  542.         MAJOR CHEMICAL DISASTERS IN INDIA
  543.         Ammonia Incidents in Oregon from 1993-2007
  544.         Workplace Health and Safety Queensland - Ammonia National Audit Program results
  545.         UK's HSE REVIEW OF AMMONIA INCIDENTS 1992 - 1998
  546.         2012 April CCPS Process Beacon - Unloading to the wrong tank
  547.         Using the common practice of “Draining Oil Pots” on refrigeration systems to examine the differences between “controlled” and “uncontrolled” releases of ammonia
  548.         An interesting "Facility Change" that fell through the cracks
  549.         The finer points of OSHA’s and EPA’s Management of Change requirements
  550.         EPA cancels their July 2012 Public Access to RMPs
  551.         Taking credit for a building in a WCS under RMP
  552.         Stairs vs. Ladders and Emergency Egress
  553.         March 2012 Update on OSHA’s Refinery & Chemical National Emphasis Programs
  554.         Does your facility “Car Seal” or “Lock Open” Valves? Do NOT use your LOTO Locks!
  555.         A close look at Incident Investigation techniques A MUST READ for ALL Safety Pro's
  556.         Ammonia HAZARD ALERT issued by NC-OSHA in response to a fatal accident involving NH3
  557.         Annual SOP Certifications for PSM/RMP
  558.         VPP Application Supplement for the Sites Subject to the Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard
  559.         Temporary MOC’s and Temporary Electrical Power
  560.         Ammonia and HAZLOC's (join the debate)
  561.         DHS Jack Rabbit CL2 and NH3 Release Testing presentation video (NO video of releases)
  562.         Why would my NH3 ventilation discharge need to be a Hazardous Location? Unpublished
  563.         Mechanical Ventilation - General Rules to live by
  564.         The IMPORTANCE of Hydrostatic relief valves in Ammonia Systems
  565.         RMP and Transportation Containers
  566.         RMP Program Level Determination Flowchart
  567.         Summary of the RMP Chemical Exemptions
  568.         2012 March CCPS Process Beacon - Double Block & Bleed Explanation
  569.         Difference between OSHA’s PSM and EPA’s RMP requirements
  570.         Comparison of RMP and PSM Chemicals and Thresholds
  571.         State of Massachusetts Hazardous Materials Processing regulation (527 CMR 33)
  572.         Challenging the NH3 Refrigeration & Electrical Classification (UPDATED 3/3/12)
  573.         Is the act of loading/unloading a PSM/RMP chemical exempt from OSHA/EPA enforcement?
  574.         Changing your RMP Emergency Contact
  575.         Can a PHA done for OSHA's PSM be used for EPA's RMP Compliance?
  576.         A reverse look at Facility Siting and Change Management
  577.         How many threads of a bolt must be showing outside a nut to meet RAGAGEP?
  578.         Hotwork - Learning from Losses
  579.         Change(s) that REQUIRE a PHA revalidation AND RMP Update
  580.         Interesting RMP Statistics - Where does your process rank?
  581.         PSM Scenario Challenge - Response
  582.         Hotwork Safety
  583.         The advantage of utilizing a Contractor Work Permit
  584.         Ammonia Gas Explosion
  585.         Use of High Visibility Vest in Safety Programs
  586.         Refinery NEP UPDATE (12/5/07)
  587.         NFPA 30 offers some GREAT facility siting for NEW process vessels
  588.         Process Hazards Analysis and “Safeguards”
  589.         “Operator Rounds” in a PSM/RMP Covered Process
  590.         NH3 Unloading Incident (30 Tons Release)
  591.         AMMONIA SPILLS IN WISCONSIN 1993-2009
  592.         The power of a vacuum (photo)
  593.         Establishing your safe upper and lower limits for FLOWS
  594.         Establishing Safe Upper and Lower Limits
  595.         Key provisions of the PSM Preamble
  596.         Tracking Corrective Actions to closure
  597.         PSM, Flammable Liquids, & Secondary Containment
  598.         Current EPA plans call for the re-establishment of internet access to the non Off-site Consequence Analysis (OCA) sections of the RMP database beginning in July of 2012
  599.         OSHA Launches their PSM Covered Chemical Facilities NEP
  600.         The Borden's Ammonia Explosion December 11, 1983
  601.         Flammable Liquids Tank Integrity Learnings
  602.         Features of successful Safety Management System (SMS)
  603.         Importance of MAINTAINING your Explosion Proof Equipment (Video)
  604.         PHA and Loss of Power
  605.         OSHA's Pressure Vessel "Cheat Sheet"
  606.         The Jack Rabbit Test Program Trial Summary - NH3 and CL2 Release Studies
  607.         PSM Battery Limits - it may not be as simple as "Interconnected"
  608.         More OSHA PSM Citations on a NH3 Refrigeration Process (includes NO MOC on personnel changes!)
  609.         Explosion of MDEA Storage Tank
  610.         How strong does my explosion have to be to do damage?
  611.         Another valve that needs to be Car-Sealed OPEN
  612.         Vulnerability of oil contaminated fire retardant coveralls
  613.         Contractors and chemical process safety?
  614.         Electrical Classification for Hazardous Locations
  615.         How secure are your safety systems?
  616.         PSM Coverage and the Meer decision Unpublished
  617.         Management of Change (MOC) and Procedures
  618.         Is EPA setting a standard for PSM/RMP Staffing Levels?
  619.         Anhydrous Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Incident sends 5 to hospital
  620.         Animation of January 23, 2010 Phosgene Accident
  621.         CFATS Personnel Surety Privacy Impact Assessment is now available
  622.         Truck Drivers being your DOT HAZMAT Attendant and potential safety and health concerns
  623.         What does EPA's RMP "General Duty Clause" actually require?
  624.         Buyer BEWARE regarding offsite Operator and Maintenance training courses
  625.         Process Safety and Security Guards
  626.         HOTWORK Tank Explosion (Video)
  627.         PSM Chemical Plant NEP UPDATE March 2011
  628.         Replacement in Kind... is it really?
  629.         PSM/RMP "co-location" or "proximity" when determining PSM/RMP Applicability
  630.         Worst Case Release Scenario and Severe Weather
  631.         RMP*eSubmit Webinar Presentation
  632.         THE REAL COST of an accident!
  633.         A perfect storm in the making...have we learned our lesson?
  634.         RMP eSubmit Webinar Questions and Answers
  635.         RMP Worst Case Scenario considerations
  636.         Another Example of Torque Requirements - GASKETS
  637.         Torque Examples - Mechanical-Joint Assembly
  638.         Torque Requirements and Process Safety Management
  639.         Fire Watches and their Fire Extinguishers
  640.         PSM and Electronic Management Systems and Emergency Power Systems
  641.         Is Your Welding Hot Work Policy in Compliance (VIDEO - 5 minutes)
  642.         Dangers of Hot Work - VIDEO (14 Min)
  643.         Maintain Process Safety During the Recession (Video)
  644.         Is your Fire Extinguisher Contractor covered under PSM?
  645.         Ammonia HAZARD ALERT issued by NC-OSHA in response to a fatal accident involving NH3
  646.         New Leading and Lagging Indicators of Process Safety Performance
  647.         When is Flame Retardant Clothing (FRC) Really required?
  648.         PSM Operating Procedures Survey Conducted
  649.         Is OSHA Targeting Ammonia Refrigeration & Chlorine water treatment processes in their new PSM NEP?
  650.         States with RMP accidents causing at least one off-site Death
  651.         EPA's General Duty Clause for RMP
  652.         More on EPA's General Duty Clause
  653.         Top 10 RMP Chemicals by On-Site Quantities
  654.         Refinery Heat Exchanger Failure Fatality
  655.         Concurrent Operating Procedures…Emergency Shutdown and Start-Up after ESD
  656.         Some GREAT PHA Observations from one of the best in the business
  657.         Some GREAT Process Safety Observations from one of the best in the business
  658.         How do you define a PSM/RMP contractor and what does your evaluation process look like?
  659.         NH3 Releases occurring in NY state from 1993-98
  660.         Difference in Emergency SOPs and Emergency Response Plan
  661.         Unloading Hoses and PSM/RMP
  662.         IMPORTANT NOTICE regarding NH3 and LPG hoses
  663.         Hot Work Requirements and Combustible Dusts
  664.         Hot Work Preparation and OSHA Requirements
  665.         Hot Work Safety and learning from others costly errors
  666.         Better be thinking MOC before you do RBI
  667.         Mechanical integrity management of bulk storage tanks
  668.         Trick Question or legit question for PSM Compliance? Contractor Evaluations and PRCS Rescue Evaluations
  669.         What are "Temporary Operations" in regards to PSM Operating Procedures 1910.119(f)(1)(i)(C)
  670.         The difference between a MOC and PSSR
  671.         Staffing and Management of Change
  672.         What is a RAGAGEP?...and what it is NOT
  673.         Ventilation...Can I use it to declassify a HAZLOC?
  674.         Missed Preventive Maintenance Inspections/Tests
  675.         Emergency Shutdown (when does it get activated)
  676.         Car Seal Program and Relief Valves
  677.         How to use your PHA to write your SOPs
  678.         Starting point for PSM Facility Siting when dealing with Flammables (updated with LPG on 8/12/12)
  679.         Is your Diking in your PSI and MI
  680.         Tips when performing PHA's and how Chemical Process Safety should be viewed
  681.         Buying a used PSM/RMP facility or used equipment for PSM/RMP
  682.         Report reveals fundamental management flaws lay behind Buncefield disaster
  683.         UPDATE on Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
  684.         CSB Releases Case Study on Fatal 2008 Accident at a Tire and Rubber Plant
  685.         Car-Seal Programs and how they operate
  686.         Flaw in NH3 Emergency Ventilation Design?
  687.         Managing your Relief Valves
  688.         "Lessons Learned" potentials from Japan's Nuclear Problems
  689.         Liquid Penetrant Examination (NBBI)
  690.         Guidance for Conducting Risk Management Program Inspections under Clean Air Act Section 112(r)
  691.         LOPA and SIS/SIL
  692.         Valves installed backwards?
  693.         2010 SECTION VIII — DIVISION 1 NON-MANDATORY APPENDIX M - INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
  694.         Post Weld Heat Treating (PWHT) failure
  695.         Management of Organizational Change (OSHA Letter to RAs)
  696.         EPA Can Improve Implementation of the Risk Management Program for Airborne Chemical Releases (EPA OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL)
  697.         Process Hazards Analysis Techniques (Methodologies, Resources, and Time)
  698.         Rupture Disc between Pressure Vessel and Relief Valve (and after the RV)
  699.         Catastrophic Failure during pneumatic pressure test
  700.         Brittle Fracture (Catastrophic) Failure during HYDROTEST of Propane Bullet
  701.         What does "relief system design basis" mean?
  702.         Cellular Phones and Other Risks in Classified Areas
  703.         The BASICS on PRESSURE VESSEL SAFETY (OSHA)
  704.         5,700-gallon hydrochloric acid (HCl) storage tank ruptured during filling

 

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) invites small businesses, governments, and not-for-profit organizations to participate as Small Entity Representatives (SERs) for a Small Business Advocacy Review (SBAR) Panel. This panel will focus on the Agency’s development of a rule that proposes to modify the current Risk Management Plan (RMP) regulation to reduce the likelihood of accidental releases of toxic and flammable substances at chemical facilities, and improve emergency response when those releases occur. This aligns with Executive Order 13650 entitled Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security (EO 13650) that President Obama signed on August 1, 2013. EO 13650 directs the federal government to carry out a number of tasks whose overall aim is to prevent chemical accidents. These tasks include: improving operational coordination with state and local partners; enhancing Federal agency coordination and information sharing; modernizing policies, regulations and standards; and working with stakeholders to identify best practices.

This is a follow up to my July 2013 article “Making the case my PSM/RMP covered process complies with RAGAGEPs (Piping)”.  With OSHA’s recent memo on “RAGAGEP in Process Safety Management Enforcement” I have received renewed request to explain how a facility can demonstrate their vessels/tanks comply with RAGAGEP(s).  Here it goes:

When it comes to EPA's Risk Management Plan rule, the state of California made significant modifications to the RMP rule.  Basically, California replaced the Risk Management and Prevention Program with the California Accidental Release Prevention (CalARP) Program on January 1, 1997. The CalARP Program is very similar to the EPA's Risk Management Program with the following differences:

Screen Shot 2015 06 16 at 1.58.43 PMHere is the presentation that Jim Lay, P.E., from OSHA's Office of Chemical Process Safety & Enforcement Initiatives did last week @ ASSE's Annual Conference.  He did this presentation the same day OSHA rolled out their new enforcement policies on chemical mixtures and RAGAGEP enforcement.  The presentation covers: RAGAGEP Background, Early recognition of RAGAGEP, RAGAGEP in OSHA’s PSM standard, New RAGAGEP Enforcement Guidance.  PSM expects employers to: 1) determine and document the codes, standards, and practices they will follow, and then, 2) Implement and follow those codes, standards, and practices.

 

“Say what you’ll do, and do what you say!”

 
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