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Articles on Confined Space Entry and Rescue

  1. OSHA issues temporary enforcement policy for confined spaces in construction (OSHA)

  2. Comparing OSHA’s Confined Spaces in Construction standard (1926.1201-.1212) to the General Industry Standard (1910.146)

  3. Can you name ALL the "documentation" one would need to demonstrate FULL compliance with 1910.146?

  4. NFPA 350 Guide to Confined Space Entry and Work coming in November (NFPA)

  5. Why is 1910.146(j)(4) INVISIBLE in most every PRCS Entry Program/Procedure?
  6. On-Duty Firefighter Fatalities Involving Confined Spaces, 2003 – 2012 (NFPA Fire Analysis and Research Division)
  7. How do you comply with debriefing contractors after they exit your PRCS?
  8. OSHA issues PRCS Citations @ food tanker cleaning facility ($179K)
  9. Fatal Hotwork Explosion on Barge (USCG)
  10. Investigation of PRCS Flash Explosion and Injuries (BSEE)
  11. Labeling Permit Required Confined Spaces may not be as simple as some would believe
  12. OSHA issues PRCS citations after two workers died in Railcar with H2S
  13. WA-OSHA citations after worker, 19, dies inside "bark blower" truck
  14. UK’S HSE updates their “Safe work in confined spaces” Guidance
  15. OSHA PRCS citations involving Tanker Truck @ a producer and distributor of food products ($30K)
  16. OSHA PRCS citations involving Rail Car cleanout ($188K)
  17. OSHRC affirms PRCS citations (Preventing Unauthorized entry and Rescue)
  18. How can one argue that a large roll-off trash compactor is not a PRCS?
  19. Getting in is ALWAYS easier than getting out! (Video)
  20. OSHA cites a Grain Elevator for 1 willful, 2 repeat, 8 serious violations ($120,120)
  21. Safety Bulletin - Entry of a confined space on board a cargo ship resulting in three fatalities (Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB)
  22. Oregon OSHA – Proposed Changes to Confined Spaces Standard for General Industry and Construction
  23. Volunteer Fire Fighter Dies During Attempted Rescue of Utility Worker From a Confined Space (NIOSH FACE)
  24. Confined Space Flash Fire (Tank NOT connected!)
  25. Cal/OSHA Cites an industrial service provider $82,090 for Accident in Confined Space that Seriously Injured Worker
  26. Off-Gassing Hazard from Wood Pellets and Chips (The Annals of Occupational Hygiene)
  27. OR-OSHA HAZARD ALERT: Confined Spaces – Winery Vessels
  28. OSHA cites concrete company after temporary worker fatality inside PRCS (Failure to LOTO and $303,900)
  29. ASU’s (Air Separation Units) Nitrogen Fatality
  30. Calibrating and Testing Direct-Reading Portable Gas Monitors (OSHA Bulletin)
  31. OSHA cites concrete company for 10 violations after worker fatally engulfed in fly-ash silo
  32. Confined Space Rescue GUIDANCE that should be taken to heart (WorkSafe BC)
  33. Confined Space Isolation GUIDANCE that should be taken to heart (WorkSafe BC)
  34. OSHRC rules on "off-site" PRCS Rescue Services
  35. Trucking company cited by OSHA for asphyxiation hazards following worker fatality (PRCS and $113K)
  36. NFPA 350 - Preliminary Draft of Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work is Open for Public Input
  37. OR-OSHA Alert: Confined Spaces – Winery Vessels
  38. OSHRC on Permit Required Confined Spaces
  39. Paint Maker Dies from Exposure to Methylene Chloride While Cleaning a Paint Tank (California FACE Report #11CA009)
  40. OR-OSHA Delays Construction CS Standards
  41. Not designed to be occupied (Oregon OSHA’s guide to confined space safety)
  42. Cal/OSHA Cites Employers for Worker’s Death in Confined Space
  43. Confined Space Barriers (video product demo)
  44. FREE PRCS video from NY Dept of Labor
  45. Worker & FF die in sewer manhole (NY-FACE)
  46. Large rolloff type TRASH COMPACTORS are PRCS's
  47. OSHA cites industrial cleaning contractor after worker dies while cleaning storage tank at a chemical manufacturer
  48. OSHA issues PRCS citations to Brewery ($88,000)
  49. Drowning in PRCS (TN-OSHA #24-2008)
  50. PRCS Fatality - acute heptane and toluene toxicity (TN-OSHA Fatality II #4 2010)
  51. Verifying rescue services are "available" BEFORE entry
  52. MSHA HAZARD ALERT - Working in Confined Spaces
  53. NIOSH investigation of Dairy Plant Inspectors and Permit Required Confined Space's
  54. 11 Serious and 2 willful violations regarding confined spaces
  55. The infamous Phoenix FD Toluene Tank PRCS Rescue Fatality
  56. Oregon OSHA - Adopted Changes for the Confined Space Standard
  57. Grain Bin Accidents Still a Major Problem, Says Safety Specialist
  58. How fast does my PRCS Rescue Service have to respond?
  59. Monitoring PRCS Atmospheres and Entrants Rights
  60. Discussing the three (3) criteria that makes a space a Confined Space
  61. PRCS Reclassification Flow Chart  Edit     CAUGHT IN THE GRAIN!
  62. February 6th, 2012 PRCS Fatality in 30" Pipe
  63. Confined Space Emergency Response: Assessing Employer and Fire Department Practices (Cal-Berkley)
  64. Is a Roll-Off Trash Compactor a PRCS?
  65. Important Confined Space Atmospheric Hazards Study
  66. Entering a Cone of Safety (PRCS Safety Tips)
  67. CS Ventilation Straight Edge Tool
  68. WorkSafeBC has amended their PRCS Std... all agencies need to do this
  69. CS Rescue... Tripods and Winches and a false sense of security
  70. Creating a Permit-Required Confined Space
  71. Would your rescue plans pass an OSHA Inspection?
  72. PRCS Fatality News Account
  73. PRCS Multiple Fatality Incident
  74. PLEASE EVALUATE your CS Rescue Service!
  76. Sweating the SMALL stuff in CS Entry can make a BIG difference
  77. CONFINED SPACE FATALITY – Oxygen Deficiency from Nitrogen Purge
  78. PRCS Multiple Fatality Incident - 1 entrant and 3 "would be rescuers"
  79. Why does Confined Space and High Angle Rescue go hand in hand?
  80. The MUST SEE confined space video - REAL LIFE TRAGEDY
  81. Testing a PRCS atmosphere VIDEO
  82. Confined Spaces: Test to Live
  83. No Escape: Dangers of Confined Spaces
  84. Retaining CS Entry Permits
  85. One MAJOR flaw in the use of Combustible Gas meters that ALL users should know
  86. Confined Space Non-Entry Rescue
  87. OSHA cites 5 companies for PRCS violations that lead to a dust flash fire and H2S exposures
  88. Using my local FD as my PRCS Rescue Team
  89. Entry vs. Non-Entry Rescue
  90. Important Confined Space Atmospheric Hazards - Study Do you think wood chips and logs in a ship container hold could produce an IDLH atmosphere?
  91. Does exceeding the PEL make the atm a hazardous atm?
  92. Reclassifying a permit required confined space
  93. Evaluating a Confined Space
  94. Confined Space Hazards that are to be considered
  95. Isolation for Reclassification of PRCSs
  96. Evaluating Confined Spaces
  97. Making sense of entry options under OSHA's PRCS Entry Std. 1910.146
  98. A Purdue University report showed 51 grain bin accidents last year

OSHA has announced a 60-day temporary enforcement policy of its Confined Spaces in Construction standard, which becomes effective Aug. 3, 2015. The agency is postponing full enforcement of the new standard to Oct. 2, 2015, in response to requests for additional time to train and acquire the equipment necessary to comply with the new standard.

During this 60-day temporary enforcement period, OSHA will NOT issue citations to employers who make good faith efforts to comply with the new standard. Employers MUST be in compliance with either the training requirements of the new standard* or the previous standard. Employers who fail to train their employees consistent with either of these two standards will be cited.

Factors that indicate employers are making good faith efforts to comply include:

I do not work on construction sites so I have not been following the roll-out of OSHA Confined Space standard for the Construction Industry (1926.1200) all that closely.  But my phone has not stopped ringing with clients who have received a ton of advertising about how this “new OSHA rule will impact you”.  Some of this literature is just disgusting in how it misleads an unsuspecting manager who wants to do the right thing.  But as I began to research some of these claims I did take notice that this new CS standard for construction can be a glimpse into OSHA’s 2nd attempt at writing a CS standard and some of the new definitions and requirements should be included in our general industry program(s). 

Let’s look at some of these requirements:

OSHA has announced their Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Permit-Required Confined Spaces in General Industry Standard.  Some of these announcements have some interesting tid-bits in them.  This PRCS announcement listed all the documentation one would need to fully comply with 1910.146.  Most of us could list many of these items, but some may not come to mind until you read them in OSHA's posting...

The Technical Committee has completed the second draft revisions and, absent any Notice of Intent to Make a Motion (NITMAMs), the new guide will be released this coming November!  This document explains  “how to” comply with provisions in the existing confined space regulations and standards by providing more detailed guidance on subjects such as

  • hazard identification,
  • air monitoring,
  • ventilation and
  • rescue.  

You can stay on top of what is happening with NFPA 350 by signing up for email alerts at

As the debate rages on regarding rescue services, there is ONE LITTLE SIMPLE requirement that would STOP ALL entries before rescue services are VERIFIED to be “available”…

1910.146(j) Duties of entry supervisors. The employer shall ensure that each entry supervisor:


1910.146(j)(4) Verifies that rescue services are available and that the means for summoning them are operable;

This Entry Supervisor REQUIREMENT could not be any more clear… it is their JOB (and SOLELY their job) as Entry Supervisor to VERIFY that what ever rescue service they plan to use (on-site vs. offsite) the service/team is available and the means the attendant will use to summon them to the space is “operable”. 

What does this actually mean?

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