OSHA has cited US Environmental Inc. for 12 safety violations, including willfully exposing workers to confined space and fall hazards. The company faces proposed penalties of $333,756.  Investigators inspected the facility on May 31, 2017, and found that the company failed to implement rescue procedures for employees in confined spaces; provide protective equipment when working in confined spaces, and provide employees with fall protection training and equipment. OSHA cited the company for one other-than-serious, four willful, and seven serious violations.  Here are the citations:

On Oct. 11, 2012, a worker, 62, was killed at a tuna processing facility while he was loading a 35-foot-long Retort (see here for example of a retort).  A co-worker, who mistakenly believed the worker was in the bathroom, filled the retort with 12,000 pounds of canned tuna and turned it on, according to a report by the CAL-OSHA. The deceased had entered the retort without the proper energy isolation and PRCS entry permit (or reclassification of the PRCS to a non-permit space).  Afterwards, this incident went "viral" within the safety community due to the horrific nature of this incident... fast forward to 2017 and the same type of horrific outcome occurs with little outrage.  At 7:00 a.m. on April 17, 2017, a supervisor, 42, at a pottery business entered a tunnel kiln to fix a line switch. The employee became trapped in the tunnel kiln after completing the repairs and an automated process took control, closing the kiln door while the employee was still in the tunnel. The employee was killed by extreme exposure to thermal energy within the kiln, officially classified as "environmental hyperthermia".  A husband and father of three children had worked for at the business for the past 11 years.  The family is seeking more than $1 million in a civil lawsuit.   OSHA cited the business $715,416 with five (5) Willfuls ...

At approximately 11:00 p.m. on March 27, 2017, Employee #1 was cleaning a mixing tank. The power was turned on and Employee #1 was struck by the agitator and killed.  OSHA issued the following citations:

NOTE: all of the citations are under contest

OSHA has cited a Nebraska grain-handling cooperative for failing to protect workers from grain bin entrapment and engulfment hazards. The company faces $373,911 in proposed penalties. On May 4, 2017, OSHA responded to reports of a worker partially entrapped in a grain bin. Investigators found the worker had entered the bin to clear clumps of soybeans while the auger was running. As the clumped beans cleared, the grain shifted and knocked the worker off of his feet. The auger drew the cleared beans to the bottom of the bin and engulfed the worker up to his chest. OSHA cited the cooperative for two willful, one repeat, and four serious safety violations of the agency’s grain handling standards, and placed the company in OSHA’s Severe Violator Enforcement Program.  Here are the citations:

On May 4, 2015, OSHA issued a new standard for construction work in confined spaces, which became effective August 3, 2015. And now that we are two (2) years into this new Confined Space standard I thought a follow-up on how it is to be applied in GENERAL INDUSTRY workplaces may be helpful. We are still getting a lot of pushback from clients who have “contractors” entering their PRCS and doing “construction work” and both parties are following 1910.146, where technically speaking BOTH parties should be utilizing the requirements found in 1926.1201-.1213 and here’s what OSHA says about this situation...

  1. US Court of Appeals 7th Circuit refuses to hear an appeal involving PRCS Entry Accident and OSHA citations

  2. An "energy isolation" failure on a PRCS results in a fatality (NH3 Dryer @ Fertilizer Plant)

  3. OSHRC gets it wrong on 1910.1469(k) Rescue Plans

  4. OSHRC confirms that EXPIRED "calibration gas" for calibrating atmospheric testing equipment is a violation

  5. Did the OSHRC just say that blanking/blinding, disconnect/misalignment, or a DB&B is not required for PRCS isolation?

  6. "Dock Levelers" and Permit-Required Confined Spaces

  7. Failure of the Entry Supervisor to "verify rescue services are available" leads to an OSHA Willful Citation of $126,749 (Railcar & $204K)

  8. Changing the configuration of a space may also require a different energy isolation plan

  9. This “man-sized” door does NOT eliminate “limited means of egress”

  10. Clarifying the "continuous employee occupancy" confined space definition

  11. OSHA issues PRCS and LOTO citations @ paper mill ($101K)

  12. Why cooling towers should be considered PRCS's

  13. OSHA issues Construction PRCS citations @ FL manhole triple fatalities (H2S & $119K)

  14. The creation of a Confined Space... from construction to general industry

  15. Permit-Required Confined Space Alert - Hopper (MSHA)

  16. OSHA's First Year Enforcement Activities for Confined Spaces in Construction

  17. Contractor doing a PRCS Rescue Evaluation (1910.146(k) & 1926.1211)

  18. BSEE Safety Bulletin No. 003 - Mud/Gas Separator Cleaning Results in PRCS Death

  19. When contractors enter a host's PRCSs (1910.146(c)(8)(iii)

  20. Construction Companies learning that PRCS Rescue is not a walk in the park (1926.1211)

  21. Purdue University releases their 2016 Ag Confined Space Fatality Report

  22. Development of a Confined Space Risk Analysis and Work Categorization Tool (IRSST - Canadian)

  23. Isolating a Permit-Required Confined Space (1910.146(d)(3)(iii)

  24. OSHA's take on Atmospheric Hazards inside Permit-Required Confined Spaces

  25. 2016 OSHA PRCS activity by Industry Sectors

  26. Technological advances in Process Safety and Permit-Required Confined Space Entries

  27. Confined Space Fatality Alert - Unloading rail car

  28. Confined Space Alert - Collapse of floating roof in storage tank (WorkSafe Victoria)

  29. Tampa Bay FD reviews their CS Rescue protocols after Key Largo TRIPLE fatality incident

  30. OSHA issues Construction PRCS citations (Sewer Entry & $152K)

  31. Permit-Required Confined Spaces and Exposure Records Retention

  32. OSHA issues PRCS citations @ transformer manufacturer ($43K; 2 fatalities - 1 entrant and 2 "would be rescuers")

  33. WA-OSHA has published their DRAFT - Confined Spaces in Construction and it is AWESOME

  34. OSHA issues grain bin entry and LOTO Citations @ farmer-owned cooperative ($411K, Egregious Willful)

  35. General Industry vs. Construction on Permit-Required Confined Space Citations (OSHRC)

  36. OSHA cites a contractor $203K for a PRCS fatality and it flies under the radar

  37. Cal/OSHA has cited a metal processing company $73,105 for serious PRCS violations

  38. OSHA cites contractor under new Construction Confined Space Standard

  39. OSHA PRCS Citations on Reclassification with Combustible Coal Dust ($20K)

  40. USGC Marine Safety Information Bulletin - Enclosed Space Entry and Rescue Drills

  41. PRCS Entry Supervisor and Rescue verification has changed with 1926.1210

  42. OSHA's new Fact Sheet on PRCS Rescue - Is 911 your Confined Space Rescue Plan?

  43. Does “emergency services” mean “rescue service” in OSHA’s new PRCS standard for Construction?

  44. OSHA issues PRCS Citations @ food cannery($143K, Willful, Repeats)

  45. OSHA issues PRCS (Construction) Citations @ WWTP (PRCS, Pressure Testing & $85K)

  46. OSHA PRCS citations @ railcar cleaning facility (O2 Deficiency & $226K)
  47. OSHA PRCS Citations @ food plant (Acetic Acid/Vinegar & $79K)

  48. 2016 Ohio BWC PRCS Rescue Presentation (1910.146(k)

  49. OSHA PRCS citations @ Concrete Plant ($140,000)

  50. Does 1910.146 allow (c)(5) AND (c)(7) to be used on the same PRCS at the same time? (Part 2)

  51. OSHA S&H Bulletin - Hazards when Purging Hydrogen Gas-Cooled Electric Generators (SHIB 01-22-2016)

  52. Does 1910.146 allow (c)(5) AND (c)(7) to be used on the same PRCS at the same time?

  53. Temporary Enforcement Policy for Residential Construction Work in Confined Spaces (1/2016)
  54. Real Life Accident: Chief Mate Dies From Asphyxiation
  55. Tough start for PRCS Fatalities into OSHA's 2016
  56. Confined Space Standards Side-by-Side Comparison Chart (OSHA Directorate of Construction)
  57. 2015 OSHA PRCS activity by Industry Sectors
  58. Employee Is Killed When Asphyxiated In Oil Storage Tank (PRCS - Issues with five minute escape pack)
  59. Scaffolder falls from height in a process vessel at a refinery - fatal
  60. NFPA 350, Table A.10.9.1 may be the MOST IMPORTANT Confined Space document published in 2015
  61. NFPA 350: Best Practices Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work (Effective 12/4/15)
  62. Why OSHA states "entry" has taken place as soon as ANY PART of your body breaks the plane
  63. PRCS "program reviews" under 1910.146(13) & (14) (OSHRC decision)
  64. OSHRC decision on PRCS Tanker Truck Willfuls 
  65. IN-OSHA PRCS citations @ Power Plant inside pulverizer (Combustible Dusts $20K)

  66. MSHA's special initiative on Confined Spaces

  67. Temporary Enforcement Policy for Residential Construction Work in Confined Spaces

  68. Is "competence" for doing a CS evaluation = to "competence" for doing a RECLASSIFICATION
  69. Confined Space Evaluations and a "competent person"
  70. OSHA PRCS citations @ Railcar Cleaning business (Flammable Atmosphere & $963,000)
  71. The five (5) KEY differences between PRCSs in GI and Construction and the added provisions that CLARIFY 1910.146 requirements (OSHA)
  72. OSHA publishes Confined Spaces: Protecting Construction Workers in Confined Spaces - Small Entity Compliance Guide (OSHA 3825)
  73. The process of isolating a PRCS
  74. When is entry rescue required and when is non-entry rescue required for entries into Permit-Required Confined Spaces
  75. How many confined spaces do you see?
  76. Would you be an entrant? (PRCS isolation)
  77. Side-by-Side comparison of OSHA's PRCS Standards
  78. PRCS energy isolation methods and locking/tagging
  79. Questions for those in General Industry work places about when the new Construction Confined Space standard would apply
  80. OSHA issues temporary enforcement policy for confined spaces in construction (OSHA)

  81. Comparing OSHA’s Confined Spaces in Construction standard (1926.1201-.1212) to the General Industry Standard (1910.146)

  82. Can you name ALL the "documentation" one would need to demonstrate FULL compliance with 1910.146?

  83. NFPA 350 Guide to Confined Space Entry and Work coming in November (NFPA)

  84. Why is 1910.146(j)(4) INVISIBLE in most every PRCS Entry Program/Procedure?
  85. On-Duty Firefighter Fatalities Involving Confined Spaces, 2003 – 2012 (NFPA Fire Analysis and Research Division)
  86. How do you comply with debriefing contractors after they exit your PRCS?
  87. OSHA issues PRCS Citations @ food tanker cleaning facility ($179K)
  88. Fatal Hotwork Explosion on Barge (USCG)
  89. Investigation of PRCS Flash Explosion and Injuries (BSEE)
  90. Labeling Permit Required Confined Spaces may not be as simple as some would believe
  91. OSHA issues PRCS citations after two workers died in Railcar with H2S
  92. WA-OSHA citations after worker, 19, dies inside "bark blower" truck
  93. UK’S HSE updates their “Safe work in confined spaces” Guidance
  94. OSHA PRCS citations involving Tanker Truck @ a producer and distributor of food products ($30K)
  95. OSHA PRCS citations involving Rail Car cleanout ($188K)
  96. OSHRC affirms PRCS citations (Preventing Unauthorized entry and Rescue)
  97. How can one argue that a large roll-off trash compactor is not a PRCS?
  98. Getting in is ALWAYS easier than getting out! (Video)
  99. OSHA cites a Grain Elevator for 1 willful, 2 repeat, 8 serious violations ($120,120)
  100. Safety Bulletin - Entry of a confined space on board a cargo ship resulting in three fatalities (Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB)
  101. Oregon OSHA – Proposed Changes to Confined Spaces Standard for General Industry and Construction
  102. Volunteer Fire Fighter Dies During Attempted Rescue of Utility Worker From a Confined Space (NIOSH FACE)
  103. Confined Space Flash Fire (Tank NOT connected!)
  104. Cal/OSHA Cites an industrial service provider $82,090 for Accident in Confined Space that Seriously Injured Worker
  105. Off-Gassing Hazard from Wood Pellets and Chips (The Annals of Occupational Hygiene)
  106. OR-OSHA HAZARD ALERT: Confined Spaces – Winery Vessels
  107. OSHA cites concrete company after temporary worker fatality inside PRCS (Failure to LOTO and $303,900)
  108. ASU’s (Air Separation Units) Nitrogen Fatality
  109. Calibrating and Testing Direct-Reading Portable Gas Monitors (OSHA Bulletin)
  110. OSHA cites concrete company for 10 violations after worker fatally engulfed in fly-ash silo
  111. Confined Space Rescue GUIDANCE that should be taken to heart (WorkSafe BC)
  112. Confined Space Isolation GUIDANCE that should be taken to heart (WorkSafe BC)
  113. OSHRC rules on "off-site" PRCS Rescue Services
  114. Trucking company cited by OSHA for asphyxiation hazards following worker fatality (PRCS and $113K)
  115. NFPA 350 - Preliminary Draft of Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work is Open for Public Input
  116. OR-OSHA Alert: Confined Spaces – Winery Vessels
  117. OSHRC on Permit Required Confined Spaces
  118. Paint Maker Dies from Exposure to Methylene Chloride While Cleaning a Paint Tank (California FACE Report #11CA009)
  119. OR-OSHA Delays Construction CS Standards
  120. Not designed to be occupied (Oregon OSHA’s guide to confined space safety)
  121. Cal/OSHA Cites Employers for Worker’s Death in Confined Space
  122. Confined Space Barriers (video product demo)
  123. FREE PRCS video from NY Dept of Labor
  124. Worker & FF die in sewer manhole (NY-FACE)
  125. Large rolloff type TRASH COMPACTORS are PRCS's
  126. OSHA cites industrial cleaning contractor after worker dies while cleaning storage tank at a chemical manufacturer
  127. OSHA issues PRCS citations to Brewery ($88,000)
  128. Drowning in PRCS (TN-OSHA #24-2008)
  129. PRCS Fatality - acute heptane and toluene toxicity (TN-OSHA Fatality II #4 2010)
  130. Verifying rescue services are "available" BEFORE entry
  131. MSHA HAZARD ALERT - Working in Confined Spaces
  132. NIOSH investigation of Dairy Plant Inspectors and Permit Required Confined Space's
  133. 11 Serious and 2 willful violations regarding confined spaces
  134. The infamous Phoenix FD Toluene Tank PRCS Rescue Fatality
  135. Oregon OSHA - Adopted Changes for the Confined Space Standard
  136. Grain Bin Accidents Still a Major Problem, Says Safety Specialist
  137. How fast does my PRCS Rescue Service have to respond?
  138. Monitoring PRCS Atmospheres and Entrants Rights
  139. Discussing the three (3) criteria that makes a space a Confined Space
  140. PRCS Reclassification Flow Chart  Edit     CAUGHT IN THE GRAIN!
  141. February 6th, 2012 PRCS Fatality in 30" Pipe
  142. Confined Space Emergency Response: Assessing Employer and Fire Department Practices (Cal-Berkley)
  143. Is a Roll-Off Trash Compactor a PRCS?
  144. Important Confined Space Atmospheric Hazards Study
  145. Entering a Cone of Safety (PRCS Safety Tips)
  146. CS Ventilation Straight Edge Tool
  147. WorkSafeBC has amended their PRCS Std... all agencies need to do this
  148. Using 1910.146(c)(7) as your entry method into a Permit-Required Confined Space
  149. Using 1910.146(c)(5) as your entry method into a Permit-Required Confined Space
  150. OSHA explains their expectations for RESCUE from permit-required confined spaces (1910.146(k)
  151. CS Rescue... Tripods and Winches and a false sense of security
  152. Creating a Permit-Required Confined Space
  153. Would your rescue plans pass an OSHA Inspection?
  154. PRCS Fatality News Account
  155. PRCS Multiple Fatality Incident
  156. PLEASE EVALUATE your CS Rescue Service!
  158. Sweating the SMALL stuff in CS Entry can make a BIG difference
  159. CONFINED SPACE FATALITY – Oxygen Deficiency from Nitrogen Purge
  160. PRCS Multiple Fatality Incident - 1 entrant and 3 "would be rescuers"
  161. Why does Confined Space and High Angle Rescue go hand in hand?
  162. The MUST SEE confined space video - REAL LIFE TRAGEDY
  163. Testing a PRCS atmosphere VIDEO
  164. Confined Spaces: Test to Live
  165. No Escape: Dangers of Confined Spaces
  166. Retaining CS Entry Permits
  167. One MAJOR flaw in the use of Combustible Gas meters that ALL users should know
  168. Confined Space Non-Entry Rescue
  169. OSHA cites 5 companies for PRCS violations that lead to a dust flash fire and H2S exposures
  170. Using my local FD as my PRCS Rescue Team
  171. Entry vs. Non-Entry Rescue
  172. Important Confined Space Atmospheric Hazards - Study Do you think wood chips and logs in a ship container hold could produce an IDLH atmosphere?
  173. Does exceeding the PEL make the atm a hazardous atm?
  174. Reclassifying a permit required confined space
  175. Evaluating a Confined Space
  176. Confined Space Hazards that are to be considered
  177. Isolation for Reclassification of PRCSs
  178. Evaluating Confined Spaces
  179. Making sense of entry options under OSHA's PRCS Entry Std. 1910.146
  180. A Purdue University report showed 51 grain bin accidents last year
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