This year’s active hurricane and fire seasons highlight the importance of working together before, during, and after disasters of all types and sizes. The National Incident Management System (NIMS) provides a common, nationwide approach to enable the whole community to work together to manage all threats and hazards.  FEMA has released the refreshed NIMS to ensure that this important guidance continues to reflect the collective expertise of the whole community. NIMS applies to all incidents, regardless of cause, size, location or complexity. Through an iterative process of engagement with stakeholders from across the nation, FEMA reviewed more than 3,000 comments to update NIMS guidance and incorporate the collective expertise and experience of the whole community.   The refreshed NIMS:

As almost everyone has felt the financial squeeze at some point during their career and we seem to be feeling it more and more these days. As auditors that travel the world, we are still seeing the negative ripple effects of the 2009/2010 recession in the United States in 2017 and probably will continue to see them in 2018 in the EHS arena. The effect I want to talk about in this article is the change from in-house emergency response training to using off-site/open enrollment type courses to meet the facility's emergency response training needs. This is NOT about bashing these off-site training organizations, as most of them provide a world-class level of training, but there is ONE HUGE FLAW in using them to meet all of our ER training needs…

McGovern Stavis Seafood 1This fatal anhydrous ammonia accident occurred in March 2016 at a seafood processing plant in Boston, MA.  The Boston Fire Department (BFD) is one of the top fire departments in the United States.  These radio communications are being shared as a "learning opportunity" for SAFTENG members.  Not only is the radio traffic telling by the items discussed, the timeline is also telling.  As I said the BFD is world-class by anyone's standard and the fact that it took them nearly 30 minutes to get on site and affect a rescue is telling.  There were a ton of unknowns that caused issues, but here are some key time stamps:

  1. Interesting response to leaking NH3 Tank Truck (Outside of USA)

  2. PHMSA's New Cylinder "Special Permit" authorizes an extension of the 15-year service life of certain carbon fiber reinforced aluminum-lined cylinders (DOT-CFFC)

  3. Difference between Emergency Planning in a Public Fire Department and Private Response Group

  4. Where Did “Shelter-in-Place” Come From?

  5. Do the actions taken under PSM duties/SOPs exempt the facility from the scope of HAZWOPER?

  6. Mobile app version of CAMEO Chemicals is now available for both iOS and Android devices

  7. How to Use the 2016 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (Video)

  8. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are now available (December 2016)

  9. Congress passes RESPONSE Act of 2016

  10. NIOSH Updates to Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) Value Profiles

  11. ALOHA® - Guidebook with Example Scenarios (September 2016)

  12. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available (September 2016)

  13. OSHA HAZWOPER citations @ coffee manufacturing facility (CO2 & $63K)

  14. NEW version of CAMEO is now available (May 2016) 2016 Emergency Response Guide (ERG) now available

  15. Why Off-Loading HAZMAT before moving container is critical
  16. Boston NH3 fatality and BFD response brings us back to the ER PPE discussion for NH3
  17. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals available
  18. Attempt at burning derailment vapor goes WRONG!
  19. PPE saves two lives (Video)
  21. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit
  22. MARPLOT 5.0.3 is now available for download
  23. Atmospheric Storage Tank fails under fire conditions (caught on helmet cam)
  24. MARPLOT 5.0.2 is now available for download
  25. CDC/NIOSH just answered the question... is LEVEL A needed for a NH3 release?
  26. New releases of WISER are available for every current platform
  27. Fire Protection Deficiencies to incorporate into our inspection programs and internal audit programs
  28. Today marks the 1-year Anniversary of "The Back Bay Blaze" where UNSAFE Hot Work Practices claimed the lives of two Boston FF's
  29. MARPLOT 5.0.1 is now available for download
  30. MARPLOT 5.0 Available for Windows and Mac
  31. Controlled vent and burn of product in derailed tank cars in Gainford, Alberta
  32. Crude By Rail Emergency Response 4-Hour Web-based Training
  33. So does the state of Ohio require an annual fire drill?
  34. Means of Egress: Handrails (USFA)
  35. Incidental Release or Uncontrolled Release of NH3 - What say you?
  36. HAZWOPER Question... Does a person who will ONLY participate in Decon be required to have Operations or Tech level training?
  37. OSHA HAZWOPER Citations @ manufacturer of plastic thermoformed products (HAZWOPER, PPE & HAZCOM; $49K)
  38. OSHA's First Aid and BBP training requirements
  39. Minor update versions of MARPLOT and CAMEOfm are now available
  40. Airline Respirator Hose Storage (firefighter fell unconscious)
  41. New Versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are available
  42. Fire Dynamics: The A, B, C, D and K’s of Fire (USFA)
  43. WISER for iOS 3.1.1 Released & Important Ebola Resources
  44. How NOT to manage a Propane Release scene! (Video)
  45. Portable Extinguishers: Monthly Inspections (USFA)
  46. Drawing the line between “Operators” and “Emergency Responders”
  47. Knowing the limitations of your emergency response equipment
  48. SCBA Cylinder Retester Locations (PHMSA)
  49. Three Firefighters Injured While Recharging A Pressurized Water Fire Extinguisher
  50. EPA EPCRA citations @ Brewery (NH3 and $20K)
  51. Can FF Turn-Out Gear be repaired with "used" materials from other gear (NFPA Interp)
  52. NFPA BLEVE Training Video (Full 20 Minutes)
  53. UNPREPARED Emergency Escape Breath Devices (EEBD)/Emergency Life Support Apparatus (ELSA) (USCG)
  54. Storage Practices: Controlled Atmosphere Storage (USFA)
  55. SAFER Systems Unveils Free Chemical Emergency Response Smartphone App. With Real-Time Weather and Traffic Data
  56. OSHA Notice of stakeholder meeting - Emergency Response
  58. Why is 1910.120(q)(3)(iv) such a mystery?
  59. Fire Brigades paper work requirements
  60. Do you have good breathing air?
  61. Understanding Emergency and Standby Power Levels (USFA/NFPA)
  62. U.S. DOT Takes New Emergency Actions as Part of Comprehensive Strategy to Keep Crude Oil Shipments Safe
  63. BLEVE Training Video from Transport Canada
  64. BLEVE Training video from 1970's (Amazing footage)
  65. Explaining the mechanics of a BLEVE (NFPA)
  66. Drone fly-over at VA train derailment (Video)
  67. OSHA fines manufacturer of electrical power delivery products after multiple workers injured by acid mixture (HAZWOPER and $166,000)
  68. New Emergency Kit "C" Instructional Video Now Available (Video)
  69. Are you maintaining your LEVEL A suits "by the book"?
  70. Scott Safety Announces the Scott Extended Life 30-Year Cylinder
  71. Newly Released B-Kit (Ton Cylinder) and C-Kit (Chlorine Tank Cars & Tank Trucks) Now Available and FREE Download
  72. OSHA's emergency response expectations in 1910.120
  73. Electronic Incident Command System (ICS) Forms from USCG and NOAA
  74. Take a walk with Firefighters investigating a 4,000 pound NH3 release (Video)
  75. The difference in DECON
  76. EPCRA Reporting of Releases
  77. LEARNING from Training Errors - Live Fire Drill spayed jet fuel onto prop instead of water
  78. Evaluation and Acceptance of Emergency Breathing Support Systems (EBSS) Incorporated into SCBA Approvals
  79. (UPDATED on 3/10/14) Friendly Tier II reminder for Ohio facilities (FD/LEPC Approval Signature)
  80. Fatal Foam System Discharge
  81. WebWISER 4.5 is now available
  82. MSHA has updated the coal mine rescue team certification criteria
  83. Are Ohio Fire Departments required to have a Respiratory Protection Program?
  84. Ohio Firefighters and Safety Standards
  85. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 5 (USFA)
  86. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are now available
  87. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 4 (USFA)
  88. WISER for Windows 4.5 is now available
  89. A new version of MARPLOT is available (4.2.4)
  90. NIOSH Updates Methodology for establishing IDLH Values
  91. OSHA's Frequently Asked Questions on HAZWOPER (1910.120)
  92. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 3 (USFA)
  93. Buyer Beware! Don’t Be Fooled by Online-Only CPR or First Aid Certification Scams
  94. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 2 (USFA)
  95. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 1 (USFA)
  96. How NOT to handle an emergency (NOX release over major highway) Video
  97. NH3 Suppression Tarp - HIGHLY EFFECTIVE (video)
  98. Liquefied Natural Gas Safety and Emergency Response Video (PHMSA)
  99. Fire Pumps: Cavitation (USFA)
  100. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available
  101. PART II - Scene Management is a function of IC (20 Ton NH3 Release)
  102. Standpipe Systems: Standpipe Hose Connection Clearance (USFA)
  103. Baltimore Derailment crossing Impact and Explosion (Video - 5/2013)
  104. National Academies Press Releases New Volume of AEGLs Publication
  105. Employers CHOICES differ between EPA and OSHA with Emergency Response decisions
  106. Infamous video of FF blown off Ladder Truck in Pasadena, TX
  107. Scene Management is a function of IC
  108. FREE Emergency HAZMAT Planning Guide
  109. The lost art of preplanning and the role of the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC)
  110. West, TX Explosion and Community Emergency Response Plan?
  111. HIGH CHALLENGE Warehousing: Ammonium Nitrate as a typical case study (NFPA)
  112. Sprinkler System's OS&Y Valves
  113. Chlorine and Mouthpiece Emergency Escape Respirators
  114. A new version of MARPLOT is available (4.2.3)
  115. Modified Emergency Kit “C” Application for Certain Dual Valve Systems
  116. EPA publishes "Area Contingency Planning Handbook"
  117. UPDATE to the "Ammonia behaving badly... it is suppose to rise!" (Video)
  118. The Role of Scene Assessment or Size-up (USFA)
  119. CAMEO Chemicals 2.4 is now available
  120. What training is REQUIRED for "Incident Commanders"?
  121. FDA looking to REQUIRE AED approvals
  122. WISER for iOS 3.1
  123. “Getting Ready for the Unimagined:” Looking at the Emergency Operations Plan (USFA)
  124. Emergency Egress and Fire Doors
  125. Fire Extinguishers... Did you know they have to be identified?
  126. A rescue caught on tape, FF's rescue 4-year old from 2nd floor
  127. FREE "Incident Safety Officer (ISO)" Training videos (4 Parts)
  128. FREE NFPA Guide to Understanding & Implementing NFPA 1500, 1720, and 1851
  129. How long does a 4500 psi SCBA cylinder really last
  130. Respirators and Emergency Working Conditions
  131. Incident Commander Characteristics (USFA)
  132. Emergency SCBAs and OSHA requirements
  133. Key Changes to NFPA 1981/1982 SCBA Requirements
  134. The Incident Commander (from USFA)
  135. SCBA's and LOW TEMPERATURE use and storage
  136. FREE Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) Training
  137. Mandatory elements of a HAZWOPER baseline physical examination
  138. CHLOREP Informational Bulletin: 2012 DOT/TC Emergency Response Guidebook
  139. Ray O'Brocki, of the Baltimore Fire Department, explains how night clubs and other high-capacity facilities deal with fire safety
  140. 2012 DOT ERG Training Video (21 Minutes)
  141. What you need to know about nightclub safety (NFPA Video)
  142. The FULL and UNEDITED Station Nightclub Fire Video (from within)
  143. BLEVE in the back of pickup at drive thru (Video)
  144. A VERY POWERFUL FIRE SAFETY message (Station Nightclub Survivor)
  145. Vent and Burn Training Video from Transport Canada
  146. Inspection Techniques: Egress Door Hardware Considerations
  147. Chlorine Leak video footage (17K pound 2002 Festus, MO)
  148. CI C-Kit Training Video
  149. On "oldie" but a goodie... Original CI C-Kit Video
  150. New versions of CAMEO 2.4 and Tier2 Submit
  151. Pipeline Safety: Communication During Emergency Situations
  152. Just The Facts...About The C-Kit (From CI)
  153. Shelter-in-Place Suggestions
  154. Cracking and Ruptures of SCBA Aluminum Cylinders Made from 6351 Alloy
  155. Safety Advisory; High Pressure Aluminum Seamless and Aluminum Composite Hoop-Wrapped Cylinders
  156. USFA Special Report: Prevention of Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Failures
  157. 2012 DOT ERG by the numbers
  158. SCBA Cylinder Catastrophic Failure from Stress Corrosion Cracking
  159. Hydro-Testing of SCBA Cylinders
  160. CAMEO Chemicals mobile site now available
  161. The new "Table 3" in the 2012 DOT ERG
  162. Chemical facility faces ammonia leak penalty
  163. CHLOREP Informational Bulletin: 2012 DOT/TC Emergency Response Guidebook
  164. UL warns of counterfeit UL Mark on single-jacketed fire hose
  165. A "vent and burn" operation on I-10 in LA
  166. NEW version of CAMEO Chemicals is now available
  167. Emergency Response Equipment Maintenance
  168. Mandatory elements of a HAZWOPER baseline physical examination (OSHA LOI issued 7/2012)
  169. Columbus, OH Derailment Fire
  170. WISER for iOS 3.0 - Now Available in the Apple App Store
  171. Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Remaining Service-Life Indicator Performance Requirements
  172. Threshold Planning Quantities for EHS revised
  173. Introduction to the 2012 DOT Emergency Response Guide Book from PHMSA (Video)
  174. 2012 DOT Emergency Response Guidebook available for download
  175. Emergency Response Guidebook 2012 Summary of Changes (April 2012)
  176. The future of fixed fire protection????
  177. What's wrong with this scene?
  178. Who falls into OSHA’s HAZWOPER “Awareness” group?
  179. Volunteer Emergency Responders - who enforces their safety?
  180. Emergency Response Resources Side-by-Side Comparison
  181. PHOSGENE Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  182. METHANOL Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  183. HYDROFLUORIC ACID (HF) Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  184. CHLORINE Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  185. Ammonia Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  186. Ammonia Exposure – Pre-hospital Medical Management
  187. Sample Protocol for a Response Plan (General Outline)
  188. What are Public Exposure Guidelines?
  189. What are Protective Action Criteria for Chemicals (PACs)?
  190. What are Temporary Emergency Exposure Limits (TEELs)?
  191. What are Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs)?
  192. What are Emergency Response Planning Guidelines (ERPGs)?
  193. My podcast with Garden City Ammonia Program on ER
  194. Breaking down 1910.120(q)(2) Written ERP requirements
  195. Analysis of an ammonia spill and response
  196. Medical Fact Sheet for Ammonia
  197. How to use the DOT Emergency Response Guide Book (video)
  198. "Shelter-in-Place" may not be as EASY as it sounds
  199. Understanding OSHA's HAZWOPER standard for Emergency Response
  200. HAZMAT Team members MUST have an EXIT PHYSICAL
  201. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available (3/22/12)
  202. The OLD and NEW IDLH and a little history about the MOST important term for any HAZMAT Technician
  203. Next Generation Breathing Apparatus A MUST SEE if you use SCBA's
  204. NUCOS: Unit Converter for Spill Responders
  205. FREE Training Resources for Responding to Ethanol Incidents
  206. Emergency Planning and Preparedness (CSB Video)
  207. Emergency Responders and Fit Testing
  208. Wind Socks… a critical piece of Equipment?
  209. Another how NOT TO RESPOND video (Ammonia Tanker)
  210. 1984 Mexico City BLEVE (1984)
  211. Crude Tank "Boilover" Explanation (2 Videos)
  212. Properties of Anhydrous Ammonia
  213. UPDATE - Calling the National Response Center
  214. 911 Call - 28-year old killed by forklift
  215. How NOT to respond to an Ammonia Leak!
  216. Anhydrous Ammonia Pipeline Rupture
  217. SCBA Cylinder Failure Incident
  218. Oxygen Depletion in Level A Hazmat Suits
  219. Ammonia Gas can deliver you shrink wrapped!
  220. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available
  221. NIST Study Finds Failure Points in Firefighter Protective Equipment
  222. Comparing Results of Two Chlorine Release Field Experiments—Wild Stallion and Jack Rabbit
  223. Application of source term and dispersion models in developing Protective Action Distances in the Emergency Response Guidebook
  224. Siting of emergency response equipment & personnel?
  225. Does your ERP contain SPECIFICS?
  226. How do all the different levels of HAZWOPER training fit together and what level do I need to respond?
  227. PERFECT Example of a "Pre-Planning" lapse!
  228. Can your local Fire Department meet your needs?
  229. Who calls 911? (Alias: who-calls-911)
  230. Hands-On Railcars - Anhydrous Ammonia (Video)
  232. Off-Site Emergency Response Training Limitations
  233. Fire Door Basics
  234. Are all EXIT signs created equal?
  235. FIRE EXTINGUISHER FATALITY and inspections
  236. SIMPLE and CHEAP methods for on-scene medical monitoring
  237. What makes a "response" an "emergency response" under 1910.120
  238. Medical Monitoring of a HAZMAT Team
  239. Understanding 1910.120 as it applies to a HAZMAT team
  240. Liquid Nitrogen BLEVE Demo Vid #1
  241. Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE)
  242. BLEVE Training Video Part 1 - EXCELLENT Info
  243. BLEVE Training Video Part 2 - EXCELLENT info
  244. Bleve Test - LPG Railcar (Video)
  245. 1983 Murdoch, IL LPG Railcar BLEVE (Video)
  246. BLEVE - Explanation from NFPA (Video)
  247. BLEVE Training Video
  248. States of Matter (Video)
  249. Standpipe Systems...What is required?
  250. Fire Hoses on Standpipe Systems...To connect or not to connect!
  251. The OLD and NEW IDLH and a little history about the MOST important term for any HAZMAT Technician
  252. Dangerous misunderstanding around a B.L.E.V.E.
  253. Ethanol Safety Organization for safety professionals and emergency response
  254. MSDS and Emergency Response Alert from EPA
  255. TRANSCAER schedules emergency response training tour for anhydrous ammonia
  256. Does my plant/site manager have to be trained in HAZWOPER?
  257. Chlorine Institute C-Kit Briefing Paper
  258. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(xii) Use of the Local Emergency Response Plan (LERP) or the State Emergency Response Plan (SERP)
  259. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(xi) PPE and Emergency Equipment
  260. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(x) Critiques of Response and Follow-up
  261. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(ix) Emergency Alerting and Response Procedures
  262. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(viii) Emergency Medical Treatment Procedures
  263. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(vii) Decontamination
  264. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(vi) Evacuation Routes and Procedures
  265. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(v) Site Security and Control
  266. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(iv) Safe Distances and Places of Refuge
  267. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(iii) Emergency Recognition and Prevention
  268. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(ii) Personnel Roles, Lines of Authority, Training, and Communication
  269. Your Emergency Response Plan Section (q)(2)(i) - Pre-emergency Planning and Coordination
  270. Emergency Response & PSM Tip
  271. What must be in my EAP?
  272. Do I Need an Emergency Action Plan?
  273. Fight or Flight
  274. From an EAP to an ERP???
  275. CHLOREP NextGen Bulletin
  276. How strong is your headcount procedure?
  277. WISER 4.4 is now available!
  278. Safety and Health Tip HAZMAT Evacuation iPhone App
  279. Thoughts of an Emergency Responder

What's changed in MARPLOT 5.1?

Once again I turn to the professionals up North to provide us with some great information.  Transport Canada has once again done an excellent job explaining the difference between a Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE) and a Heat Induced Tears (HIT) type explosion.  So often when we see the large fireball, we will call the event a BLEVE; however, this is often times an incorrect classification of the event (a BLEVE can occur with NO fireball).  For a BLEVE to occur we MUST have a "pressure vessel" involved; for a HIT to occur we can have an "atmospheric container" involved.  Both events will result in a spectacular fireball (when the event involves a flammable material), but a HIT will most likely NOT propel its container like we see in a BLEVE event.  Here is a DIESEL TANK suffering a HIT; if you read many of the comments you will see response personnel confused as to "how a diesel tank would BLEVE"... Its officially a HIT and not a BLEVE!

In Transport Canada's Transportation of Dangerous Goods latest newsletter they explain the difference in these spectacular explosions...

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