This video is interesting on many levels and since it occurred outside of the USA I am not sure about any regulatory issues in the home country, but if this were in the USA we can see a number of issues.  However, this video shows us the conditions under which we might respond to an ammonia leak.  Climbing the tanker truck ladder in a LEVEL A suit under a blanket of fire water raining down on you are some conditions we may want to train under as they are quite common for an NH3 leak.

The U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has announced it has issued a special permit to authorize the extension of the 15-year service life of certain carbon fiber reinforced aluminum-lined cylinders (DOT-CFFC) that are used in self-contained breathing apparatuses by fire departments and first responders.

  1. Difference between Emergency Planning in a Public Fire Department and Private Response Group

  2. Where Did “Shelter-in-Place” Come From?

  3. Do the actions taken under PSM duties/SOPs exempt the facility from the scope of HAZWOPER?

  4. Mobile app version of CAMEO Chemicals is now available for both iOS and Android devices

  5. How to Use the 2016 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (Video)

  6. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are now available (December 2016)

  7. Congress passes RESPONSE Act of 2016

  8. NIOSH Updates to Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) Value Profiles

  9. ALOHA® - Guidebook with Example Scenarios (September 2016)

  10. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available (September 2016)

  11. OSHA HAZWOPER citations @ coffee manufacturing facility (CO2 & $63K)

  12. NEW version of CAMEO is now available (May 2016) 2016 Emergency Response Guide (ERG) now available

  13. Why Off-Loading HAZMAT before moving container is critical
  14. Boston NH3 fatality and BFD response brings us back to the ER PPE discussion for NH3
  15. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals available
  16. Attempt at burning derailment vapor goes WRONG!
  17. PPE saves two lives (Video)
  19. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit
  20. MARPLOT 5.0.3 is now available for download
  21. Atmospheric Storage Tank fails under fire conditions (caught on helmet cam)
  22. MARPLOT 5.0.2 is now available for download
  23. CDC/NIOSH just answered the question... is LEVEL A needed for a NH3 release?
  24. New releases of WISER are available for every current platform
  25. Fire Protection Deficiencies to incorporate into our inspection programs and internal audit programs
  26. Today marks the 1-year Anniversary of "The Back Bay Blaze" where UNSAFE Hot Work Practices claimed the lives of two Boston FF's
  27. MARPLOT 5.0.1 is now available for download
  28. MARPLOT 5.0 Available for Windows and Mac
  29. Controlled vent and burn of product in derailed tank cars in Gainford, Alberta
  30. Crude By Rail Emergency Response 4-Hour Web-based Training
  31. So does the state of Ohio require an annual fire drill?
  32. Means of Egress: Handrails (USFA)
  33. Incidental Release or Uncontrolled Release of NH3 - What say you?
  34. HAZWOPER Question... Does a person who will ONLY participate in Decon be required to have Operations or Tech level training?
  35. OSHA HAZWOPER Citations @ manufacturer of plastic thermoformed products (HAZWOPER, PPE & HAZCOM; $49K)
  36. OSHA's First Aid and BBP training requirements
  37. Minor update versions of MARPLOT and CAMEOfm are now available
  38. Airline Respirator Hose Storage (firefighter fell unconscious)
  39. New Versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are available
  40. Fire Dynamics: The A, B, C, D and K’s of Fire (USFA)
  41. WISER for iOS 3.1.1 Released & Important Ebola Resources
  42. How NOT to manage a Propane Release scene! (Video)
  43. Portable Extinguishers: Monthly Inspections (USFA)
  44. Drawing the line between “Operators” and “Emergency Responders”
  45. Knowing the limitations of your emergency response equipment
  46. SCBA Cylinder Retester Locations (PHMSA)
  47. Three Firefighters Injured While Recharging A Pressurized Water Fire Extinguisher
  48. EPA EPCRA citations @ Brewery (NH3 and $20K)
  49. Can FF Turn-Out Gear be repaired with "used" materials from other gear (NFPA Interp)
  50. NFPA BLEVE Training Video (Full 20 Minutes)
  51. UNPREPARED Emergency Escape Breath Devices (EEBD)/Emergency Life Support Apparatus (ELSA) (USCG)
  52. Storage Practices: Controlled Atmosphere Storage (USFA)
  53. SAFER Systems Unveils Free Chemical Emergency Response Smartphone App. With Real-Time Weather and Traffic Data
  54. OSHA Notice of stakeholder meeting - Emergency Response
  56. Why is 1910.120(q)(3)(iv) such a mystery?
  57. Fire Brigades paper work requirements
  58. Do you have good breathing air?
  59. Understanding Emergency and Standby Power Levels (USFA/NFPA)
  60. U.S. DOT Takes New Emergency Actions as Part of Comprehensive Strategy to Keep Crude Oil Shipments Safe
  61. BLEVE Training Video from Transport Canada
  62. BLEVE Training video from 1970's (Amazing footage)
  63. Explaining the mechanics of a BLEVE (NFPA)
  64. Drone fly-over at VA train derailment (Video)
  65. OSHA fines manufacturer of electrical power delivery products after multiple workers injured by acid mixture (HAZWOPER and $166,000)
  66. New Emergency Kit "C" Instructional Video Now Available (Video)
  67. Are you maintaining your LEVEL A suits "by the book"?
  68. Scott Safety Announces the Scott Extended Life 30-Year Cylinder
  69. Newly Released B-Kit (Ton Cylinder) and C-Kit (Chlorine Tank Cars & Tank Trucks) Now Available and FREE Download
  70. OSHA's emergency response expectations in 1910.120
  71. Electronic Incident Command System (ICS) Forms from USCG and NOAA
  72. Take a walk with Firefighters investigating a 4,000 pound NH3 release (Video)
  73. The difference in DECON
  74. EPCRA Reporting of Releases
  75. LEARNING from Training Errors - Live Fire Drill spayed jet fuel onto prop instead of water
  76. Evaluation and Acceptance of Emergency Breathing Support Systems (EBSS) Incorporated into SCBA Approvals
  77. (UPDATED on 3/10/14) Friendly Tier II reminder for Ohio facilities (FD/LEPC Approval Signature)
  78. Fatal Foam System Discharge
  79. WebWISER 4.5 is now available
  80. MSHA has updated the coal mine rescue team certification criteria
  81. Are Ohio Fire Departments required to have a Respiratory Protection Program?
  82. Ohio Firefighters and Safety Standards
  83. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 5 (USFA)
  84. New versions of CAMEOfm and Tier2 Submit are now available
  85. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 4 (USFA)
  86. WISER for Windows 4.5 is now available
  87. A new version of MARPLOT is available (4.2.4)
  88. NIOSH Updates Methodology for establishing IDLH Values
  89. OSHA's Frequently Asked Questions on HAZWOPER (1910.120)
  90. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 3 (USFA)
  91. Buyer Beware! Don’t Be Fooled by Online-Only CPR or First Aid Certification Scams
  92. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 2 (USFA)
  93. Characteristics of the Incident Command System: Part 1 (USFA)
  94. How NOT to handle an emergency (NOX release over major highway) Video
  95. NH3 Suppression Tarp - HIGHLY EFFECTIVE (video)
  96. Liquefied Natural Gas Safety and Emergency Response Video (PHMSA)
  97. Fire Pumps: Cavitation (USFA)
  98. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available
  99. PART II - Scene Management is a function of IC (20 Ton NH3 Release)
  100. Standpipe Systems: Standpipe Hose Connection Clearance (USFA)
  101. Baltimore Derailment crossing Impact and Explosion (Video - 5/2013)
  102. National Academies Press Releases New Volume of AEGLs Publication
  103. Employers CHOICES differ between EPA and OSHA with Emergency Response decisions
  104. Infamous video of FF blown off Ladder Truck in Pasadena, TX
  105. Scene Management is a function of IC
  106. FREE Emergency HAZMAT Planning Guide
  107. The lost art of preplanning and the role of the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC)
  108. West, TX Explosion and Community Emergency Response Plan?
  109. HIGH CHALLENGE Warehousing: Ammonium Nitrate as a typical case study (NFPA)
  110. Sprinkler System's OS&Y Valves
  111. Chlorine and Mouthpiece Emergency Escape Respirators
  112. A new version of MARPLOT is available (4.2.3)
  113. Modified Emergency Kit “C” Application for Certain Dual Valve Systems
  114. EPA publishes "Area Contingency Planning Handbook"
  115. UPDATE to the "Ammonia behaving badly... it is suppose to rise!" (Video)
  116. The Role of Scene Assessment or Size-up (USFA)
  117. CAMEO Chemicals 2.4 is now available
  118. What training is REQUIRED for "Incident Commanders"?
  119. FDA looking to REQUIRE AED approvals
  120. WISER for iOS 3.1
  121. “Getting Ready for the Unimagined:” Looking at the Emergency Operations Plan (USFA)
  122. Emergency Egress and Fire Doors
  123. Fire Extinguishers... Did you know they have to be identified?
  124. A rescue caught on tape, FF's rescue 4-year old from 2nd floor
  125. FREE "Incident Safety Officer (ISO)" Training videos (4 Parts)
  126. FREE NFPA Guide to Understanding & Implementing NFPA 1500, 1720, and 1851
  127. How long does a 4500 psi SCBA cylinder really last
  128. Respirators and Emergency Working Conditions
  129. Incident Commander Characteristics (USFA)
  130. Emergency SCBAs and OSHA requirements
  131. Key Changes to NFPA 1981/1982 SCBA Requirements
  132. The Incident Commander (from USFA)
  133. SCBA's and LOW TEMPERATURE use and storage
  134. FREE Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) Training
  135. Mandatory elements of a HAZWOPER baseline physical examination
  136. CHLOREP Informational Bulletin: 2012 DOT/TC Emergency Response Guidebook
  137. Ray O'Brocki, of the Baltimore Fire Department, explains how night clubs and other high-capacity facilities deal with fire safety
  138. 2012 DOT ERG Training Video (21 Minutes)
  139. What you need to know about nightclub safety (NFPA Video)
  140. The FULL and UNEDITED Station Nightclub Fire Video (from within)
  141. BLEVE in the back of pickup at drive thru (Video)
  142. A VERY POWERFUL FIRE SAFETY message (Station Nightclub Survivor)
  143. Vent and Burn Training Video from Transport Canada
  144. Inspection Techniques: Egress Door Hardware Considerations
  145. Chlorine Leak video footage (17K pound 2002 Festus, MO)
  146. CI C-Kit Training Video
  147. On "oldie" but a goodie... Original CI C-Kit Video
  148. New versions of CAMEO 2.4 and Tier2 Submit
  149. Pipeline Safety: Communication During Emergency Situations
  150. Just The Facts...About The C-Kit (From CI)
  151. Shelter-in-Place Suggestions
  152. Cracking and Ruptures of SCBA Aluminum Cylinders Made from 6351 Alloy
  153. Safety Advisory; High Pressure Aluminum Seamless and Aluminum Composite Hoop-Wrapped Cylinders
  154. USFA Special Report: Prevention of Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Failures
  155. 2012 DOT ERG by the numbers
  156. SCBA Cylinder Catastrophic Failure from Stress Corrosion Cracking
  157. Hydro-Testing of SCBA Cylinders
  158. CAMEO Chemicals mobile site now available
  159. The new "Table 3" in the 2012 DOT ERG
  160. Chemical facility faces ammonia leak penalty
  161. CHLOREP Informational Bulletin: 2012 DOT/TC Emergency Response Guidebook
  162. UL warns of counterfeit UL Mark on single-jacketed fire hose
  163. A "vent and burn" operation on I-10 in LA
  164. NEW version of CAMEO Chemicals is now available
  165. Emergency Response Equipment Maintenance
  166. Mandatory elements of a HAZWOPER baseline physical examination (OSHA LOI issued 7/2012)
  167. Columbus, OH Derailment Fire
  168. WISER for iOS 3.0 - Now Available in the Apple App Store
  169. Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Remaining Service-Life Indicator Performance Requirements
  170. Threshold Planning Quantities for EHS revised
  171. Introduction to the 2012 DOT Emergency Response Guide Book from PHMSA (Video)
  172. 2012 DOT Emergency Response Guidebook available for download
  173. Emergency Response Guidebook 2012 Summary of Changes (April 2012)
  174. The future of fixed fire protection????
  175. What's wrong with this scene?
  176. Who falls into OSHA’s HAZWOPER “Awareness” group?
  177. Volunteer Emergency Responders - who enforces their safety?
  178. Emergency Response Resources Side-by-Side Comparison
  179. PHOSGENE Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  180. METHANOL Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  181. HYDROFLUORIC ACID (HF) Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  182. CHLORINE Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  183. Ammonia Emergency Response Data (insert for ERP)
  184. Ammonia Exposure – Pre-hospital Medical Management
  185. Sample Protocol for a Response Plan (General Outline)
  186. What are Public Exposure Guidelines?
  187. What are Protective Action Criteria for Chemicals (PACs)?
  188. What are Temporary Emergency Exposure Limits (TEELs)?
  189. What are Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs)?
  190. What are Emergency Response Planning Guidelines (ERPGs)?
  191. My podcast with Garden City Ammonia Program on ER
  192. Breaking down 1910.120(q)(2) Written ERP requirements
  193. Analysis of an ammonia spill and response
  194. Medical Fact Sheet for Ammonia
  195. How to use the DOT Emergency Response Guide Book (video)
  196. "Shelter-in-Place" may not be as EASY as it sounds
  197. Understanding OSHA's HAZWOPER standard for Emergency Response
  198. HAZMAT Team members MUST have an EXIT PHYSICAL
  199. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available (3/22/12)
  200. The OLD and NEW IDLH and a little history about the MOST important term for any HAZMAT Technician
  201. Next Generation Breathing Apparatus A MUST SEE if you use SCBA's
  202. NUCOS: Unit Converter for Spill Responders
  203. FREE Training Resources for Responding to Ethanol Incidents
  204. Emergency Planning and Preparedness (CSB Video)
  205. Emergency Responders and Fit Testing
  206. Wind Socks… a critical piece of Equipment?
  207. Another how NOT TO RESPOND video (Ammonia Tanker)
  208. 1984 Mexico City BLEVE (1984)
  209. Crude Tank "Boilover" Explanation (2 Videos)
  210. Properties of Anhydrous Ammonia
  211. UPDATE - Calling the National Response Center
  212. 911 Call - 28-year old killed by forklift
  213. How NOT to respond to an Ammonia Leak!
  214. Anhydrous Ammonia Pipeline Rupture
  215. SCBA Cylinder Failure Incident
  216. Oxygen Depletion in Level A Hazmat Suits
  217. Ammonia Gas can deliver you shrink wrapped!
  218. New versions of ALOHA and CAMEO Chemicals are now available
  219. NIST Study Finds Failure Points in Firefighter Protective Equipment
  220. Comparing Results of Two Chlorine Release Field Experiments—Wild Stallion and Jack Rabbit
  221. Application of source term and dispersion models in developing Protective Action Distances in the Emergency Response Guidebook
  222. Siting of emergency response equipment & personnel?
  223. Does your ERP contain SPECIFICS?
  224. How do all the different levels of HAZWOPER training fit together and what level do I need to respond?
  225. PERFECT Example of a "Pre-Planning" lapse!
  226. Can your local Fire Department meet your needs?
  227. Who calls 911? (Alias: who-calls-911)
  228. Hands-On Railcars - Anhydrous Ammonia (Video)
  230. Off-Site Emergency Response Training Limitations
  231. Fire Door Basics
  232. Are all EXIT signs created equal?
  233. FIRE EXTINGUISHER FATALITY and inspections
  234. SIMPLE and CHEAP methods for on-scene medical monitoring
  235. What makes a "response" an "emergency response" under 1910.120
  236. Medical Monitoring of a HAZMAT Team
  237. Understanding 1910.120 as it applies to a HAZMAT team
  238. Liquid Nitrogen BLEVE Demo Vid #1
  239. Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE)
  240. BLEVE Training Video Part 1 - EXCELLENT Info
  241. BLEVE Training Video Part 2 - EXCELLENT info
  242. Bleve Test - LPG Railcar (Video)
  243. 1983 Murdoch, IL LPG Railcar BLEVE (Video)
  244. BLEVE - Explanation from NFPA (Video)
  245. BLEVE Training Video
  246. States of Matter (Video)
  247. Standpipe Systems...What is required?
  248. Fire Hoses on Standpipe Systems...To connect or not to connect!
  249. The OLD and NEW IDLH and a little history about the MOST important term for any HAZMAT Technician
  250. Dangerous misunderstanding around a B.L.E.V.E.
  251. Ethanol Safety Organization for safety professionals and emergency response
  252. MSDS and Emergency Response Alert from EPA
  253. TRANSCAER schedules emergency response training tour for anhydrous ammonia
  254. Does my plant/site manager have to be trained in HAZWOPER?
  255. Chlorine Institute C-Kit Briefing Paper
  256. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(xii) Use of the Local Emergency Response Plan (LERP) or the State Emergency Response Plan (SERP)
  257. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(xi) PPE and Emergency Equipment
  258. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(x) Critiques of Response and Follow-up
  259. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(ix) Emergency Alerting and Response Procedures
  260. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(viii) Emergency Medical Treatment Procedures
  261. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(vii) Decontamination
  262. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(vi) Evacuation Routes and Procedures
  263. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(v) Site Security and Control
  264. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(iv) Safe Distances and Places of Refuge
  265. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(iii) Emergency Recognition and Prevention
  266. Your Emergency Response Plan (q)(2)(ii) Personnel Roles, Lines of Authority, Training, and Communication
  267. Your Emergency Response Plan Section (q)(2)(i) - Pre-emergency Planning and Coordination
  268. Emergency Response & PSM Tip
  269. What must be in my EAP?
  270. Do I Need an Emergency Action Plan?
  271. Fight or Flight
  272. From an EAP to an ERP???
  273. CHLOREP NextGen Bulletin
  274. How strong is your headcount procedure?
  275. WISER 4.4 is now available!
  276. Safety and Health Tip HAZMAT Evacuation iPhone App
  277. Thoughts of an Emergency Responder

I like to start out my 8-hr Emergency Management course with an exercise that demonstrates the vast differences in how a public FD plans for emergencies and how an industrial business should be planning.  Many do not realize the vast differences in how these two entities differ when it comes to emergency planning and response.  This opening exercise usually sets the tone for the next 7.5 hours of instruction...

Last week was the anniversary of the anhydrous ammonia truck accident in Houston back in 1976 and out of that incident came what we call "Shelter-in-Place".  About 11:08 a.m., on 11 May 1976, a Transport Company of Texas MC 331 tractor-semi trailer transporting 7,509 gallons of anhydrous ammonia struck and penetrated a bridge rail on a ramp connecting I-610 with the Southwest Freeway (U.S. 59) in Houston, Texas. The tractor and trailer left the ramp, struck a support column of an overpass, and fell onto the Southwest Freeway, approximately 15 feet below. The anhydrous ammonia was near instantaneously released from the damaged tank semi trailer.  Six persons died as a result of the accident, 78 persons were hospitalized, and approximately 100 other persons were treated for injuries. 

OSHA has two (2) significant LOIs, both aligning, and their HAZWOPER CPL that do a really good job of explaining how one crosses over from PSM SOP actions to actions that would fall under the definition of an “emergency response”, thus moving compliance from 1910.119 to 1910.120. I have presented both of these LOIs and the pertenant portions of the CPL below for discussion. The one point that I believe gets lost in these discussions is that someone on-site must have the training and authority to:

  1. recognize the difference between an incidental release and one that calls for an “emergency response”
  2. establish the release is an “emergency” and set-up an Incident Command system so that operations personnel taking defensive actions within the “Warm Zone” are accounted for and controlled in their actions.

As we can see, all three (3) documents align in where they draw the line from when a PSM Operator becomes an Emergency Responder...

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