The state of Ohio is in the processing of upgrading the state's fire code using the 2015 International Fire Code as its basis.  This is a summary of the chapters most often used in facilities that handle hazardous chemicals.

The power of a vacuum... caused only by the condensing of the hazardous material.  The loading temperature of the mono-isopropylamine, a flammable liquid, was reported to be between 70°F and 80°F. When the tank collapsed, the ambient air temperature was approximately 10°F...

On January 4,1988, an MC 307 tank trailer departed with 39,000 pounds of mono-isopropylamine, a flammable liquid. The truck was en route to a plant in Wyandotte, Michigan. The truck driver reported that about 5:30 p.m. on January 5, as the truck was proceeding northbound on Interstate 65 about 3 miles north of Sonora, Kentucky, he heard a loud noise similar to a blowout and the truck jerked hard to his left. In the side view mirror, the truck driver saw sparks coming from the rear of the vehicle. Although difficult, the truck driver moved the vehicle onto the shoulder of the road and stopped. He disembarked and extinguished a fire beneath the trailer which he believed was being fueled by grease on the support pads of the trailer's dolly legs.

  1. NEW and FREE Hazardous Materials Transportation Training Modules (PHMSA)

  2. PHMSA Adjusts Maximum and Minimum Civil Penalties for Inflation

  3. When they say it can never happen... Worker Dies From ingesting acid while he was on a rest break (OSHA Case #201156049)

  4. Hazards of hydrofluoric acid (HF) - Line Break gone bad

  5. Even underground HAZMAT tanks need VEHICLE PROTECTION


  6. A breakdown of the Atlas Foundry LPG BLEVE (2007)


  8. Another WRONG CHEMICAL to WRONG TANK incident (Reaction making Chlorine)

  9. Underground Storage Tank raises its ugly head, literally (video)

  10. PHMSA Issues Safety Advisory on Use of DOT-39 Cylinders for Liquefied Flammable Compressed Gas

  11. When BOLLARDS work! (Video)

  12. 2015 International Fire Code (IFC) and Vehicle Impact Protection

  13. Another "Vent & Burn" used on Cat 1 Flammable Gas(s) Transport Containers

  14. DOT Requirements for Loading/Unloading LPG and NH3

  15. NTSB releases PRELIMINARY findings on Chlorine Railcar leak in WV

  16. What OSHA's GHS Means for Fire and Building Code Officials (Fact Sheet)

  17. Who said diesel was not explosive?

  18. PHMSA Proposes to Harmonize Hazardous Materials Regulations to International Standards

  19. Did the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) just declare e-cigs an "ignition source"?

  20. REVISED Safety Advisory: Emergency Discharge Control Equipment Installation on Cargo Tank Motor Vehicles Resulting in the Potential Loss of Vehicle Control (FMCSA 2016)

  21. HAZMAT Safety Advisory: Immediate re-inspection and retesting of certain cargo tank motor vehicles required (FMCSA 2016)

  22. Fisher PRD Recall Safety Notice (DOT) FREE Ohio Fire Code Training Modules - Update from State Fire Marshal's Office (July 2016) EPCRA Revisions to Hazard Categories and Minor Corrections: Technical Amendment Ammonia is not suppose to behave that way

    HAZMAT Guys discuss two major Ammonia Releases

  23. IL has another TOTAL LOSS of NH3 from MC331 during loading/unloading @ fertilizer facility

  24. Callaway, MN MC331 Tanker vs. Train incident does NOT appear to have been a BLEVE

  25. FREE ACCESS to the 2015 International Fire Code (IFC)

  26. 2nd BLEVE in as many days??? (MC331 - Propane)

  27. IL Fire Marshal explains state codes and NFPA Life Safety Code

  28. Ohio is revising the State Fire Code for 2017

  29. Another WRONG material to WRONG tank incident 

  30. Metallurgical Evaluation of a Nurse Tank Cracked Head (Failure was SCC)


  32. 2015 Lessons Learned with HAZMAT UNLOADING accidents

  33. Cryogenic tank for liquefied carbon dioxide ruptured (Lack of Car-Seal Program)

  34. PHMSA to Hold Advisory Committee Vote on Rulemaking Proposal for Excess Flow Valves

  35. Dramatic Explosion @ Natural Gas Processing Plant (Video)

  36. Chlorine Institute offers HCl DVD Now Available for FREE

  37. Chlorine Institute offers New HYPO DVD Now Available for FREE

  38. SAFETY NOTICE: Welding on Cargo Tanks

  39. DOT issues warning about some nurse tanks (SP-16239)

  40. FAMOUS Cargo Tank Failure (Safety Alert)

  41. Forearmed is Forewarned, REVISING the NFPA 704 may make sense!

  42. New Edition of CI PPE Pamphlet 65 Available

  43. Review of HAZMAT Unloading/Loading risks (PHMSA)

  44. Unloading HAZMAT accident - WRONG TANK (NTSB DCA99MZ006)
  45. Unloading HAZMAT accident - WRONG TANK (NTSB DCA99MZ003)
  46. Receiving and unloading bulk hazardous liquids in Kentucky
  47. Hazardous Materials: Flame Arrestors (USFA)
  48. Cargo Tank Motor Vehicle (CTMV) Loading/UnLoading operations: Recommended Best Practices Guide
  49. Recommended Non-Destructive Testing to Improve Nurse Tank Safety, Phases I and II
  50. Nitrogen Cylinder Failure Incident (TX FM Report)
  51. States and US Territories that have adopted International Codes (IMC, IFC, IBC, etc.)
  52. Industrial Commission of North Dakota Adopts New Standards to Improve Oil Transportation Safety
  53. Sulfuric Acid into Hydrochloric Acid tank (Unloading Incident)
  54. Is your propane cylinder SAFE? (PHMSA)
  55. Hazardous Materials: Harmonization With International Standards (RRR)
  56. Detonation or Deflagration? (USFA)
  57. Did you know... Ammonia (and Propane) gas is NOT white?
  58. HAZMAT Awareness - PLACARDS (video)
  59. How NOT to haul an industrial LPG tank! (Video)
  60. Ammonia Explosion 30 years ago this week
  61. 2013 HAZMAT Loading/Unloading Incidents
  62. NIOSH launches the NIOSH Center for Direct Reading and Sensor Technologies (NCDRST)
  63. U.S. DOT Announces Comprehensive Proposed Rulemaking for the Safe Transportation of Crude Oil, Flammable Materials (Releases new data on Bakken crude oil to support increased safety measures)
  64. BLEVE or Diesel Tank Exploding??
  65. OSHA’s TECHNICAL MANUAL on the LIMITATIONS of Explosibility (combustible gas) Sensors
  66. Commissioning of a LNG Storage Tank (Video)
  67. 2014 Video of the Week #16 (The power of NH3 inside a pressure vessel)
  68. Nurse Tank Safety and Compliance Advisory letter (2008 Reminder)
  69. Hazardous Materials: Cryogenic Fluids (USFA)
  70. Why ice accumulates on cryogenic system vaporizers (USFA)
  71. Hazardous Materials: Cargo Tank Motor Vehicle Loading and Unloading Operations
  72. PHMSA issues Safety Alert regarding crude oil being transported from the Bakken region
  73. Adoption of ASME Code Section XII and the National Board Inspection Code
  74. Company failed to report CL2 release in timely manner ($42K - truck unloaded to WRONG tank - reaction)
  75. CFATS FAQ: What is a thermal radiation zone?
  76. Safety and Security Plans for Class 3 Hazardous Materials Transported by Rail
  77. Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security: Listening Sessions
  78. Vehicle impact protection for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) exchange cages
  79. Natural Gas Line Excavation ignition caught on camera
  80. Pipeline Safety: Notice to Operators of Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipelines of a Recall on Leak Repair Clamps Due to Defective Seal
  81. Ammonia Engine/Machinery Rooms and Hazardous Locations is NOT driven by PSM/RMP alone
  82. Reading Codes and Standards: Part 3
  83. Federal Railroad Administration Issues Emergency Order to Prevent Unintended Hazardous Materials Train Movement
  84. Reading Codes and Standards: Part 2
  85. Safety Alert: Risks Associated With Liquid Petroleum (LP) Gas Odor Fade (PHMSA)
  86. Pipeline Safety: Reminder of Requirements for Utility LP-Gas and LPG Pipeline Systems
  87. Fire Code Permits (USFA)
  88. Liquefied natural gas road tanker explosion (BLEVE incident)
  89. Preliminary Findings of the U.S. Chemical Safety Board from its Investigation of the West Fertilizer Explosion and Fire
  90. Method of Measuring Nanoparticle Penetration through Protective Glove Materials under Conditions Simulating Workplace Use
  91. Guide for Safe Use of Isocyanates - An Industrial Hygiene Approach
  92. The mistakes made in West (Not OSHA's or EPA's)
  93. FREE Resources for Ammonium Nitrate Safety (NO EXCUSES!)
  94. Bulk Liquid Oxygen Separation (USFA)
  95. House Dems Ask GAO to Examine Oversight Gaps at West, TX & Similar Facilities Nationwide
  96. Has your state adopted the International Fire Code (IFC)?
  97. Storing Ammonium Nitrate in Ohio
  98. Ammonium Nitrate Sensitization (explaining one West, TX scenario)
  99. Increased Civil Penalties Take Effect for Those Who Knowingly Violate Federal Hazmat Laws and Regulations
  100. 2012 HAZMAT Loading/Unloading Incidents
  101. BLEVE - Cause and Effect
  102. UNLOADING HAZMAT to the wrong tank (CL2 Incident)
  103. Pipeline Safety: Reporting of Exceedences of Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure
  104. NEW DOT Shipping Papers REQUIREMENT EFFECTIVE 1/1/13
  105. The DOT 25' Attendant Rule
  106. FRA Safety Advisory - 2003-02 (Excess Flow Valves)
  107. Update on CL2 release @ Poultry Plant
  108. New Reports Recommend Improvements for Acute Exposure Guideline Levels Documentation     
  109. NH3 Fertilizer Compliance info from State of MI
  110. Revisions to the Tier I and II Emergency and Hazardous Chemical Inventory Forms
  111. Compressed Gas Cylinder Color Coding
  112. Odorant Fade in Railroad Tank Cars (Safety Advisory 2012–01)
  113. Ammonia kills woman driving thru cloud (Video - News Account)
  114. Albert City, Iowa Chicken Farm BLEVE (NFPA)
  115. MAJOR Bromine Rail Car Release (Video)
  116. ANOTHER Acetylene cylinder stored in a car
  117. Cylinder Transport
  119. Morris missile: Anhydrous ammonia nurse tank explosion
  120. FREE Training Resources for Responding to Ethanol Incidents
  121. Chlorine Institute offers FIVE more FREE Technical Publications
  122. Chemical Reactivity Worksheet
  123. DOT Revises the Requirements for Emergency Response Telephone Numbers
  124. DOT final rule sets design standards for PIH-carrying tank cars
  125. DOT issues a Nurse Tank Safety and Compliance Advisory letter
  126. Chemical Plant Security
  127. BLEVE Response and Prevention (Mechanical Engineering Queen’s University)
  128. House subcommittee sends chemical security bill, H.R.2868, to full committee
  129. PHMSA is amending the HAZMAT Regulations to maintain alignment with international standards
  130. DOT to Improve Safety Around Hazardous Material Loading and Unloading Operations
  131. Does the fuel inside generators being transported from one site to the next have to meet DOT HAZMAT requirements?
  132. DOT CHANGES the Security Plan Requirements (Revised List of Materials)
  133. HAZMAT UPDATE on Railroad Tankcar Designs
  134. Propane Cylinders - Important Pressure Relief Valve Information
  135. Storing forklift propane cylinders PROPERLY
  136. Acetylene Cylinder Safety

PHMSA has launched a new on-line training program that introduces users to the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), and may be used to meet the requirements for general awareness/familiarization training, or as the basis for developing function-specific training programs.  Current U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations require initial and recurrent training of all employees who perform work functions covered by the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR Parts 171-180). Any employee whose work directly affects hazardous materials transportation safety is required to have training.

The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) issued a Final Rule to revise its regulations and increase the maximum civil penalty amount for violations of the Federal hazardous materials safety law. Under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, which further amended the Federal Civil Penalties, Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, federal agencies are required to adjust their civil monetary penalties each year to account for changes in inflation. The maximum civil penalty for a knowing violation is now $78,376, except that the maximum civil penalty is $182,877 for a violation that results in death, serious illness, or severe injury to any person or substantial destruction of property. In addition, the minimum civil penalty amount of $471 applies to a violation relating to training. Federal agencies are required to adjust their civil monetary penalties effective August 1, 2016, and then annually thereafter, to account for changes in inflation.

At approximately 9:30 a.m. on October 3, 2002, an employee who worked for a company that provided vehicle maintenance such as car washes, detailing, fueling, and lube and oil servicing, inadvertently drank acid from a plastic spray bottle while he was on a rest break. The employee, feeling very ill after ingesting the contents of the quart bottle, asked his coworkers to transport him to the hospital. He was taken to San Antonio Community Hospital where he was pronounced dead at 11:49 a.m. from internal injuries. Laboratory analysis indicated that the acid solution in the plastic bottle contained hydrofluoric acid and phosphoric acid with a pH of less than one.

CLICK HERE for case file

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